Causes, treatment and prevention of suicide

Section edited by Ute Lewitzka

This section will cover all aspects of a wide range of suicidality, considering studies of suicidal behaviour, its causes and effects but also its prevention and intervention approaches. Research which investigates psychological and sociological as well as neurobiological, genetic and pharmacological aspects of suicidal behaviour are also of great interest. The section also incorporates topics such as assessment and risk-management approaches, ethical issues in intervention research, cross-cultural risk factors for suicide as well as the needs of those bereaved by suicide.

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  1. Research article

    A cross-national study on gender differences in suicide intent

    Suicide accounts for over 58,000 deaths in Europe per annum, where suicide attempts are estimated to be 20 times higher. Males have been found to have a disproportionately lower rate of suicide attempts and an...

    Aislinné Freeman, Roland Mergl, Elisabeth Kohls, András Székely, Ricardo Gusmao, Ella Arensman, Nicole Koburger, Ulrich Hegerl and Christine Rummel-Kluge

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:234

    Published on: 29 June 2017

  2. Study protocol

    A standardized crisis management model for self-harming and suicidal individuals with three or more diagnostic criteria of borderline personality disorder: The Brief Admission Skåne randomized controlled trial protocol (BASRCT)

    Brief Admission is a crisis and risk management strategy in which self-harming and suicidal individuals with three or more diagnostic criteria of borderline personality disorder self-admit to hospital at times...

    Sophie I. Liljedahl, Marjolein Helleman, Daiva Daukantaité, Åsa Westrin and Sofie Westling

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:220

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  3. Research article

    An Australian Indigenous community-led suicide intervention skills training program: community consultation findings

    Little is known of the appropriateness of existing gatekeeper suicide prevention programs for Indigenous communities. Despite the high rates of Indigenous suicide in Australia, especially among Indigenous yout...

    Bushra Nasir, Steve Kisely, Leanne Hides, Geetha Ranmuthugala, Sharon Brennan-Olsen, Geoffrey C. Nicholson, Neeraj S. Gill, Noel Hayman, Srinivas Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan and Maree Toombs

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:219

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  4. Research article

    Suicide attempts in U.S. Army combat arms, special forces and combat medics

    The U.S. Army suicide attempt rate increased sharply during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Risk may vary according to occupation, which significantly influences the stressors that soldiers experience.

    Robert J. Ursano, Ronald C. Kessler, James A. Naifeh, Holly Herberman Mash, Carol S. Fullerton, Tsz Hin Hinz Ng, Pablo A. Aliaga, Gary H. Wynn, Hieu M. Dinh, James E. McCarroll, Nancy A. Sampson, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Michael Schoenbaum, Steven G. Heeringa and Murray B. Stein

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:194

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  5. Research article

    Sexual orientation differences in treatment expectation, alliance, and outcome among patients at risk for suicide in a public psychiatric hospital

    Sexual minority (SM) individuals (gay, lesbian, bisexual, or otherwise nonheterosexual) are at increased risk for mental disorders and suicide and adequate mental healthcare may be life-saving. However, SM pat...

    Martin Plöderl, Sabine Kunrath, Robert J. Cramer, Jen Wang, Larissa Hauer and Clemens Fartacek

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:184

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  6. Research article

    Risk of re-attempts and suicide death after a suicide attempt: A survival analysis

    Suicide is the primary cause of unnatural death in Spain, and suicide re-attempts a major economic burden worldwide. The risk factors for re-attempt and suicide after an index suicide attempt are different.

    Isabel Parra-Uribe, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, Gemma Garcia-Parés, Luis Martínez-Naval, Oliver Valero-Coppin, Annabel Cebrià-Meca, Maria A. Oquendo and Diego Palao-Vidal

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:163

    Published on: 4 May 2017

  7. Research article

    Self-injury and externalizing pathology: a systematic literature review

    During the last decade there is a growing scientific interest in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). The aim of the current paper was to review systematically the literature with a special focus on the association...

    Gergely Meszaros, Lili Olga Horvath and Judit Balazs

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:160

    Published on: 3 May 2017

  8. Research article

    Suicide risk among prisoners in French Guiana: prevalence and predictive factors

    Suicide rates in prison are high and their risk factors are incompletely understood. The objective of the present study is to measure the risk of suicide and its predictors in the only prison of multicultural ...

    Gülen Ayhan, Romain Arnal, Célia Basurko, Vincent About, Agathe Pastre, Eric Pinganaud, Dominique Sins, Louis Jehel, Bruno Falissard and Mathieu Nacher

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:156

    Published on: 2 May 2017

  9. Research article

    Suicidal ideation and its correlates among high school students in Iran: a cross-sectional study

    Globally, the second leading cause of death among adolescents is suicide and in middle-income countries adolescents’ suicidal ideation is a neglected public health area. The present study was conducted to dete...

    Reza Ziaei, Eija Viitasara, Joaquim Soares, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazarghani, Saeed Dastgiri, Ali Hossein Zeinalzadeh, Farhad Bahadori and Reza Mohammadi

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:147

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  10. Study protocol

    EUDOR-A multi-centre research program: A naturalistic, European Multi-centre Clinical study of EDOR Test in adult patients with primary depression

    Electrodermal reactivity has been successfully used as indicator of interest, curiosity as well as depressive states. The measured reactivity depends on the quantity of sweat secreted by those eccrine sweat gl...

    Marco Sarchiapone, Miriam Iosue, Vladimir Carli, Mario Amore, Enrique Baca-Garcia, Anil Batra, Doina Cosman, Philippe Courtet, Guido Di Sciascio, Ricardo Gusmao, Tadeusz Parnowski, Peter Pestality, Pilar Saiz, Johannes Thome, Anders Tingström, Marcin Wojnar…

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:108

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  11. Research article

    Possible factors influencing the duration of hospital stay in patients with psychiatric disorders attempting suicide by jumping

    Patients with psychiatric disorders have a high rate of suicide. The present study investigated factors influencing hospital stays for Japanese patients with psychiatric disorders attempting suicide by jumping.

    Tsubasa Omi, Hiroshi Ito, Keisen Riku, Koji Kanai, Hiromune Takada, Satoshi Fujimi, Hidenori Matsunaga and Kazutaka Ohi

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:99

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  12. Research article

    Effect of telephone follow-up on repeated suicide attempt in patients discharged from an emergency psychiatry department: a controlled study

    Attempted suicide is a major public health problem, and the efficacies of current postvention protocols vary. We evaluated the effectiveness of telephone follow-up of patients referred to an emergency psychiat...

    Sophie Exbrayat, Clotilde Coudrot, Xavier Gourdon, Aurélia Gay, Jessica Sevos, Jacques Pellet, Béatrice Trombert-Paviot and Catherine Massoubre

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:96

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  13. Research article

    Seeking help in times of economic hardship: access, experiences of services and unmet need

    Economic recessions are often accompanied by increased levels of psychological distress and suicidal behaviour in affected populations. Little is known about the experiences of people seeking help for employme...

    M. C. Barnes, J. L. Donovan, C. Wilson, J. Chatwin, R. Davies, J. Potokar, N. Kapur, K. Hawton, R. O’Connor and D. Gunnell

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:84

    Published on: 3 March 2017

  14. Research article

    Taking care of oneself by regaining control - a key to continue living four to five decades after a suicide attempt in severe depression

    Depression is a strong risk factor for suicide and suicide attempt. Several studies have examined the pathway to suicide attempt, but few studies have considered aspects important for overcoming being suicidal...

    Lisa Crona, Margaretha Stenmarker, Agneta Öjehagen, Ulrika Hallberg and Louise Brådvik

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:69

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  15. Research article

    Psychiatrists’ experiences of suicide assessment

    Clinical guidelines for suicide prevention often stress the identification of risk and protective factors as well as the evaluation of suicidal intent. However, we know very little about what psychiatrists act...

    Margda Waern, Niclas Kaiser and Ellinor Salander Renberg

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:440

    Published on: 9 December 2016

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