Causes, treatment and prevention of suicide

Section edited by Ute Lewitzka

This section will cover all aspects of a wide range of suicidality, considering studies of suicidal behaviour, its causes and effects but also its prevention and intervention approaches. Research which investigates psychological and sociological as well as neurobiological, genetic and pharmacological aspects of suicidal behaviour are also of great interest. The section also incorporates topics such as assessment and risk-management approaches, ethical issues in intervention research, cross-cultural risk factors for suicide as well as the needs of those bereaved by suicide.

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  1. Study protocol

    EUDOR-A multi-centre research program: A naturalistic, European Multi-centre Clinical study of EDOR Test in adult patients with primary depression

    Electrodermal reactivity has been successfully used as indicator of interest, curiosity as well as depressive states. The measured reactivity depends on the quantity of sweat secreted by those eccrine sweat gl...

    Marco Sarchiapone, Miriam Iosue, Vladimir Carli, Mario Amore, Enrique Baca-Garcia, Anil Batra, Doina Cosman, Philippe Courtet, Guido Di Sciascio, Ricardo Gusmao, Tadeusz Parnowski, Peter Pestality, Pilar Saiz, Johannes Thome, Anders Tingström, Marcin Wojnar…

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:108

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Possible factors influencing the duration of hospital stay in patients with psychiatric disorders attempting suicide by jumping

    Patients with psychiatric disorders have a high rate of suicide. The present study investigated factors influencing hospital stays for Japanese patients with psychiatric disorders attempting suicide by jumping.

    Tsubasa Omi, Hiroshi Ito, Keisen Riku, Koji Kanai, Hiromune Takada, Satoshi Fujimi, Hidenori Matsunaga and Kazutaka Ohi

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:99

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  3. Research article

    Effect of telephone follow-up on repeated suicide attempt in patients discharged from an emergency psychiatry department: a controlled study

    Attempted suicide is a major public health problem, and the efficacies of current postvention protocols vary. We evaluated the effectiveness of telephone follow-up of patients referred to an emergency psychiat...

    Sophie Exbrayat, Clotilde Coudrot, Xavier Gourdon, Aurélia Gay, Jessica Sevos, Jacques Pellet, Béatrice Trombert-Paviot and Catherine Massoubre

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:96

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Seeking help in times of economic hardship: access, experiences of services and unmet need

    Economic recessions are often accompanied by increased levels of psychological distress and suicidal behaviour in affected populations. Little is known about the experiences of people seeking help for employme...

    M. C. Barnes, J. L. Donovan, C. Wilson, J. Chatwin, R. Davies, J. Potokar, N. Kapur, K. Hawton, R. O’Connor and D. Gunnell

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:84

    Published on: 3 March 2017

  5. Research article

    Taking care of oneself by regaining control - a key to continue living four to five decades after a suicide attempt in severe depression

    Depression is a strong risk factor for suicide and suicide attempt. Several studies have examined the pathway to suicide attempt, but few studies have considered aspects important for overcoming being suicidal...

    Lisa Crona, Margaretha Stenmarker, Agneta Öjehagen, Ulrika Hallberg and Louise Brådvik

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:69

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  6. Research article

    Psychiatrists’ experiences of suicide assessment

    Clinical guidelines for suicide prevention often stress the identification of risk and protective factors as well as the evaluation of suicidal intent. However, we know very little about what psychiatrists act...

    Margda Waern, Niclas Kaiser and Ellinor Salander Renberg

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:440

    Published on: 9 December 2016

  7. Research article

    Reliability, validity and factorial structure of the Arabic version of the international suicide prevention trial (InterSePT) scale for suicidal thinking in schizophrenia patients in Doha, Qatar

    Patients with schizophrenia are known to have higher rates of mortality and morbidity when compared to the general population. Suicidality is a major contributor to increased mortality. The International Suici...

    Samer Hammoudeh, Suhaila Ghuloum, Ziyad Mahfoud, Mark Opler, Anzalee Khan, Arij Yehya, Abdulmoneim Abdulhakam, Azza Al-Mujalli, Yahya Hani, Reem Elsherbiny and Hassen Al-Amin

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:437

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  8. Research article

    The need for a culturally-tailored gatekeeper training intervention program in preventing suicide among Indigenous peoples: a systematic review

    Suicide is a leading cause of death among Indigenous youth worldwide. The aim of this literature review was to determine the cultural appropriateness and identify evidence for the effectiveness of current gate...

    Bushra Farah Nasir, Leanne Hides, Steve Kisely, Geetha Ranmuthugala, Geoffrey C. Nicholson, Emma Black, Neeraj Gill, Srinivas Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan and Maree Toombs

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:357

    Published on: 21 October 2016

  9. Research article

    The prevalence of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) in a representative sample of the German population

    Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a proposed new “condition for further study” in the DSM-5. To date no prevalence data has been available on this diagnostic entity from a representative sample of the general...

    Paul L. Plener, Marc Allroggen, Nestor D. Kapusta, Elmar Brähler, Jörg M. Fegert and Rebecca C. Groschwitz

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:353

    Published on: 19 October 2016

  10. Research article

    Association between abnormal default mode network activity and suicidality in depressed adolescents

    Suicide is the second leading cause of death among 15- to 29-year-olds in China, and 60 % of suicidal patients have a history of depression. Previous brain imaging studies have shown that depression and suicid...

    Shuang Zhang, Jian-mei Chen, Li Kuang, Jun Cao, Han Zhang, Ming Ai, Wo Wang, Shu-dong Zhang, Su-ya Wang, Shi-jing Liu and Wei-dong Fang

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:337

    Published on: 29 September 2016

  11. Research article

    Depression, anxiety and suicidal ideation among 1st and 2nd generation migrants - results from the Gutenberg health study

    Even though migrants constitute a large proportion of the German population, there is a lack of representative studies on their mental health. Hence, the present study explored mental health characteristics an...

    Manfred E. Beutel, Claus Jünger, Eva M. Klein, Philipp Wild, Karl J. Lackner, Maria Blettner, Mita Banerjee, Matthias Michal, Jörg Wiltink and Elmar Brähler

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:288

    Published on: 12 August 2016

  12. Research article

    Personality differences in early versus late suicide attempters

    Suicidality is an individual behaviour caused by a complex framework of internal and external factors. The predictive values of personality traits for a suicide attempt have been demonstrated, especially in co...

    Ute Lewitzka, Sebastian Denzin, Cathrin Sauer, Michael Bauer and Burkhard Jabs

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:282

    Published on: 9 August 2016

  13. Research article

    Attitudes toward suicidal behaviour among professionals at mental health outpatient clinics in Stavropol, Russia and Oslo, Norway

    Attitudes toward suicidal behaviour can be essential regarding whether patients seek or are offered help. Patients with suicidal behaviour are increasingly treated by mental health outpatient clinics. Our aim ...

    Astrid Berge Norheim, Tine K. Grimholt, Ekaterina Loskutova and Oivind Ekeberg

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:268

    Published on: 27 July 2016

  14. Research article

    Brief gatekeeper training for suicide prevention in an ethnic minority population: a controlled intervention

    Suicide is a critical public health problem around the globe. Asian populations are characterized by elevated suicide rates and a tendency to seek social support from family and friends over mental health prof...

    Alan R. Teo, Sarah B. Andrea, Rae Sakakibara, Satoko Motohara, Monica M. Matthieu and Michael D. Fetters

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:211

    Published on: 7 July 2016

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