Child, adolescent and developmental psychiatry

This section covers all aspects of developmental psychiatry ranging from child to adolescent. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, psychiatric disorders that primarily manifest in childhood (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities), psychiatric disorders that frequently emerge during childhood (e.g., mood and anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, eating disorders) provided the focus is on a child sample, plus studies on the role of early experience, childhood maltreatment and gene x environment interactions. Studies involving neuroimaging, objective measures/biomarkers and novel therapeutic modalities are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Study protocol

    Movement cognition and narration of the emotions treatment versus standard speech therapy in the treatment of children with borderline intellectual functioning: a randomized controlled trial

    Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is defined as a “health meta-condition… characterized by various cognitive dysfunctions associated with an intellectual quotient (IQ) between 71 and 85 which determine...

    V Blasi, G Baglio, F Baglio, MP Canevini and M Zanette

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:146

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  2. Research article

    Allergic diseases in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Reports of frequent manifestation of allergic diseases in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been the subject of mounting clinical interest. However, evidence supporting the ass...

    Celine Miyazaki, Momoko Koyama, Erika Ota, Toshiyuki Swa, Linda B. Mlunde, Rachel M. Amiya, Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada and Rintaro Mori

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:120

    Published on: 31 March 2017

  3. Research article

    Methylphenidate use and school performance among primary school children: a descriptive study

    There is no conclusive evidence that stimulants have beneficial effects on major associated outcome parameters, particularly school performance. We assessed the differences in school performance among children...

    Jurjen van der Schans, Rukiye Çiçek, Sefike Vardar, Jens HJ Bos, Tjalling W de Vries, Pieter J Hoekstra and Eelko Hak

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:116

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Parental separation in childhood as a risk factor for depression in adulthood: a community-based study of adolescents screened for depression and followed up after 15 years

    Earlier research has investigated the association between parental separation and long-term health outcomes among offspring, but few studies have assessed the potentially moderating role of mental health statu...

    Hannes Bohman, Sara Brolin Låftman, Aivar Päären and Ulf Jonsson

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:117

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  5. Study protocol

    The influence of participation in target-shooting sport for children with inattentive, hyperactive and impulsive symptoms – A controlled study of best practice

    Practising target-shooting sport requires focused attention and motoric steadiness. A previous non-controlled pilot study suggests that children with impairing symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disor...

    Annegrete Gohr Månsson, Mette Elmose, Søren Dalsgaard and Kirsten K. Roessler

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:115

    Published on: 28 March 2017

  6. Study protocol

    Working memory training in children with neuropsychiatric disorders and mild to borderline intellectual functioning, the role of coaching; a double-blind randomized controlled trial

    Working memory training (WMT) has been shown to offer therapeutic benefits to both patients with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and patients with mild to borderline Intellectual Disabilities (...

    Sammy Roording-Ragetlie, Helen Klip, Jan Buitelaar and Dorine Slaats-Willemse

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:114

    Published on: 28 March 2017

  7. Research article

    Does continuous trusted adult support in childhood impart life-course resilience against adverse childhood experiences - a retrospective study on adult health-harming behaviours and mental well-being

    Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) including child abuse and household problems (e.g. domestic violence) increase risks of poor health and mental well-being in adulthood. Factors such as having access to a t...

    Mark A. Bellis, Katie Hardcastle, Kat Ford, Karen Hughes, Kathryn Ashton, Zara Quigg and Nadia Butler

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:110

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  8. Research article

    Influence of socioeconomic status on antipsychotic prescriptions among youth in France

    Recent studies analysing the trends in antipsychotic (AP) prescriptions for children and adolescents have raised concerns regarding the influence of socioeconomic status. Previous findings have also shown vari...

    Olivier Bonnot, Mélanie Dufresne, Paula Herrera, Emmanuelle Michaud, Jacques Pivette, Anicet Chaslerie, Anne Sauvaget and Caroline Vigneau

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:82

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  9. Research article

    Register-based study of the incidence, comorbidities and demographics of obsessive-compulsive disorder in specialist healthcare

    Incidence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been suspected to increase but nationwide epidemiological studies are limited. This study aims to examine sex-specific incidence time trends and characteriz...

    Hanna Rintala, Roshan Chudal, Sami Leppämäki, Susanna Leivonen, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki and Andre Sourander

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:64

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  10. Research article

    Study of user experience of an objective test (QbTest) to aid ADHD assessment and medication management: a multi-methods approach

    The diagnosis and monitoring of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) typically relies on subjective reports and observations. Objective continuous performance tests (CPTs) have been incorporated int...

    Charlotte L. Hall, Althea Z. Valentine, Gemma M. Walker, Harriet M. Ball, Heather Cogger, David Daley, Madeleine J. Groom, Kapil Sayal and Chris Hollis

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:66

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  11. Research article

    Diagnostic performance and optimal cut-off scores of the Massachusetts youth screening instrument-second version in a sample of Swiss youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions

    There is a growing consensus about the importance of mental health screening of youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions. The Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-second version (MAYSI-2) was sp...

    Claudia Dölitzsch, Laura E. W. Leenarts, Klaus Schmeck, Jorg M. Fegert, Thomas Grisso and Marc Schmid

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:61

    Published on: 8 February 2017

  12. Research article

    Investigating the validation of the Chinese Mandarin version of the Social Responsiveness Scale in a Mainland China child population

    Researchers from several different countries have found the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) to have good psychometric properties. However, to our knowledge, no studies on this subject have been reported in M...

    Chao-Qun Cen, Ya-Yong Liang, Qiu-Ru Chen, Kai-Yun Chen, Hong-Zhu Deng, Bi-Yuan Chen and Xiao-Bing Zou

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:51

    Published on: 6 February 2017

  13. Research article

    Effects over time of self-reported direct and vicarious racial discrimination on depressive symptoms and loneliness among Australian school students

    Racism and racial discrimination are increasingly acknowledged as a critical determinant of health and health inequalities. However, patterns and impacts of racial discrimination among children and adolescents...

    Naomi Priest, Ryan Perry, Angeline Ferdinand, Margaret Kelaher and Yin Paradies

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:50

    Published on: 3 February 2017

  14. Research article

    Prevalence of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder among children and adolescents in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the most common childhood neurobehavioural disorder, can produce a series of negative effects on children, adolescents, and even adults as well as place a serio...

    Tingting Wang, Kaihua Liu, Zhanzhan Li, Yang Xu, Yuan Liu, Wenpei Shi and Lizhang Chen

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:32

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  15. Research article

    ADHD, comorbid disorders and psychosocial functioning: How representative is a child cohort study? Findings from a national patient registry

    Cohort studies often report findings on children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) but may be biased by self-selection. The representativeness of cohort studies needs to be investigated to d...

    Beate Oerbeck, Kristin Romvig Overgaard, Stian Thoresen Aspenes, Are Hugo Pripp, Marianne Mordre, Heidi Aase, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud and Pal Zeiner

    BMC Psychiatry 2017 17:23

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  16. Research article

    Smoking in pregnancy, adolescent mental health and cognitive performance in young adult offspring: results from a matched sample within a Finnish cohort

    The association between prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking (PEMCS) and adult cognition is debated, including if there are differences according to sex. We aimed to determine if there are associati...

    Hugh Ramsay, Jennifer H. Barnett, Graham K. Murray, Pirjo Mäki, Tuula Hurtig, Tanja Nordström, Jouko Miettunen, Vesa Kiviniemi, Solja Niemelä, Zdenka Pausova, Tomas Paus and Juha Veijola

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:430

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  17. Study protocol

    Evaluation of a school-based depression prevention program among adolescents with elevated depressive symptoms: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial

    Adolescents are at risk of developing depressive symptoms. Given the prevalence, recurrence and negative consequences of adolescent depression, it is crucial to implement prevention programs for high-risk adol...

    Karlijn W. J. de Jonge-Heesen, Kim M. van Ettekoven, Sanne P. A. Rasing, Farina H. J. Oprins-van Liempd, Ad A. Vermulst, Rutger C. M. E. Engels and Daan H. M. Creemers

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:402

    Published on: 16 November 2016

  18. Research article

    Predicting time to emergency department re-visits and inpatient hospitalization among adolescents who visited an emergency department for psychotic symptoms: a retrospective cohort study

    Adolescents experiencing psychosis may enter the mental health system by a pathway to care that includes or is initiated at the emergency department (ED). However, a better understanding of the pathway to care...

    Amir Soleimani, Rhonda J. Rosychuk and Amanda S. Newton

    BMC Psychiatry 2016 16:385

    Published on: 9 November 2016

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