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Table 2 Infant nutritional status at the age of six and twelve months stratified by antenatal and postnatal maternal CMD

From: The effect of maternal common mental disorders on infant undernutrition in Butajira, Ethiopia: The P-MaMiE study

Scale of outcome Timing and level of CMD SRQ > = 6 indicating higher level of morbidity Six month time point One year time point
Nutritional status as binary outcome Underweight Number (%) Stunting Number(%) Underweight Number(%) Stunting number(%)
  Pregnancy     
     Low SRQ score 161(21.0) 205(26.9) 167(20.5) 386(47.8)
     High SRQ score 27(27.6) 25(25.0) 28(25.7) 55(50.9)
  P-value* 0.15 0.72 0.21 0.54
  Two month postnatal     
     Low SRQ score 182(22.0) 220(26.8) 188(21.4) 421(48.3)
     High SRQ score 6(15.8) 10(25.6) 6(14.3) 18(43.9)
  p-value* 0.43 1.00 0.34 0.63
  Pregnancy or postnatal     
     Low SRQ at all time point 160(21.3) 201(26.9) 162(20.5) 375(47.7)
     High SRQ score at both time points 5(21.7) 6(25.0) 2(8.3) 9(39.1)
     High SRQ score at Postnatal only 1(6.7) 4(26.7) 4(22.2) 9(50.0)
     High SRQ score at Pregnancy only 22(29.3) 19(25.0) 26(30.6) 46(54.1)
  p-value* 0.22 0.99 0.07 0.56
Nutritional status as continuous outcome
   Weight-for-age Z score Mean(SE) Height-for-age Z-score Mean(SE) Weight-for-age Z score Mean(SE) Height-for-age Z-score Mean(SE)
  Pregnancy     
     Low SRQ score -1.08(0.05) -1.07(0.06) -1.05(0.04) -2.03(0.05)
     High SRQ score -1.20(0.14) -1.17(0.14) -1.16(0.14) -2.08(0.17)
  P-value* 0.38 0.55 0.37 0.74
  Two month postnatal     
     Low SRQ score -1.10(0.04) -1.08(0.06) -1.07(0.04) -2.03(0.05)
     High SRQ score -0.84(0.18) -1.15(0.25) -0.93(0.15) -2.15(0.24)
  p-value* 0.21 0.79 0.50 0.63
  Pregnancy or postnatal     
     Low SRQ at all time point -1.11(0.05) -1.10(0.06) -1.06(0.05) -2.05(0.05)
     High SRQ score at both time points -1.28(0.16) -1.17(0.15) -1.32(0.16) -2.10(0.19)
     High SRQ score at Postnatal only -0.70(0.20) -1.11(0.41) -1.27(0.19) -2.25(0.27)
     High SRQ score at Pregnancy only -0.93(0.27) -1.18(0.31) -0.67(0.20) -2.07(0.38)
  p-value* 0.95 0.92 0.12 0.92