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Table 3 Unadjusted, partially adjusted and fully adjusted effect of antenatal only, incident postnatal and chronic CMD on infant undernutrition at the age of six and twelve months in the P-MaMiE study

From: The effect of maternal common mental disorders on infant undernutrition in Butajira, Ethiopia: The P-MaMiE study

Model Timing for main exposure Six month time point One year time point
   Underweight OR(95% CI) Stunting OR(95% CI) Underweight OR(95% CI) Stunting OR(95% CI)
Unadjusted      
  Never exposed 1 1 1 1
  Pregnancy only 1.53(0.91, 2.60) 0.90(0.52, 1.56) 1.71(1.05, 2.80) 1.30(0.83, 2.03)
  Postnatal only 0.26(0.03, 2.02) 0.99(0.31, 3.13) 1.11(0.36, 3.42) 1.10(0.43, 2.80)
  Both time points 1.03(0.38, 2.81) 0.90(0.35, 2.31) 0.35(0.08, 1.52) 0.71(0.30, 1.65)
Adjusted for Household characteristics      
  Never exposed 1 1 1 1
  Pregnancy only 1.44(0.82, 2.54) 0.90(0.51, 1.58) 1.46(0.86, 2.47) 1.12(0.70, 1.79)
  Postnatal only 0.33(0.04, 2.57) 0.97(0.30, 3.09) 1.31(0.41, 4.17) 1.26(0.28, 3.26)
  Both time points 1.09(0.40, 3.03) 0.89(0.35, 2.29) 0.32(0.07, 1.40) 0.68(0.29, 1.62)
Maternal characteristics      
  Never exposed 1 1 1 1
  Pregnancy only 1.65(0.95, 2.87) 0.84(0.47, 1.50) 1.54(0.91, 2.63) 1.27(0.79, 2.04)
  Postnatal only 0.23(0.03, 1.78) 0.87(0.27, 2.78) 0.99(0.32, 3.13) 1.04(0.40, 2.26)
  Both time points 0.98(0.35, 2.73) 0.82(0.32, 2.14) 0.30(0.07, 1.30) 0.69(0.29, 1.63)
Infant characteristics      
  Never exposed 1 1 1 1
  Pregnancy only 1.68(0.97, 2.91) 0.98(0.56, 1.71) 1.75(1.05, 2.94) 1.39(0.87, 2.21)
  Postnatal only 0.30(0.04, 2.34) 0.98(0.31, 3.14) 1.17(0.38, 3.61) 1.08(0.42, 2.75)
  Both time points 0.98(0.36, 2.70) 0.87(0.34, 2.23) 0.35(0.08, 1.49) 0.70(0.30, 1.64)
Feeding practices      
  Never exposed 1 1 1 1
  Pregnancy only 1.68 (0.97, 2.91) 0.98(0.56, 1.71) 1.75(1.05, 2.93) 1.39(0.87, 2.21)
  Postnatal only 0.30(0.04, 2.34) 0.98(0.31, 3.14) 1.17(0.38, 3.61) 1.08(0.42, 2.75)
  Both time points 0.98(0.36, 2.70) 0.87(0.34, 2.23) 0.35(0.08, 149) 0.70(0.30, 1.64)
Fully adjusted      
  Never exposed 1 1 1 1
  Pregnancy only 1.43(0.76, 2.71) 0.86(0.46, 1.62) 1.07(0.58, 1.97) 1.14(0.67, 1.96)
  Postnatal only 0.21(0.02, 1.86) 0.67(0.20, 2.27) 1.07(0.33, 3.62) 1.06(0.39, 2.94)
  Both time points 0.85(0.29, 2.50) 0.64(0.24, 1.73) 0.25(0.06, 1.15) 0.66(0.27, 1.63)
From Literature      
Rahman et al 2004** Chronic cases 5.9(2.7, 12.8) 5.5(1.9, 16.0) 3.5(2.2, 5.6) 3.2(1.9, 5.6)
  1. ** Measures of association reported by the authors are unadjusted estimates of relative risks