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Table 1 Sample characteristics and prevalence ratio for somatization

From: Assessing medically unexplained symptoms: evaluation of a shortened version of the SOMS for use in primary care

Characteristics Somatizers (n = 57) Non somatizers (n = 110) All (n = 167) Prevalence ratio 95% CI
Gender      
   Women 82.5 70.0 74.3 1.63 0.91-2.93
   Men 17.5 30.0 25.7   
Age (years) 44.0 (12.4) 43.6 (16.0) 43.7 (14.9)   
   <45 47.4 53.6 51.5   
   ≥45 52.6 46.4 48.5 1.18 0.77-1.80
Marital status      
   Single 14.0 21.8 19.2   
   Married 70.2 62.7 65.3 1.47 0.77-2.81
   Divorced 14.0 10.9 12.0 1.60 0.72-3.58
   Widowed 1.8 4.5 3.6 0.67 0.10-4.40
Years of full time education      
   <4 5.3 9.1 7.8 0.90 0.30-2.75
   4-8 33.3 22.7 26.3 1.69 0.92-3.11
   9-12 42.1 39.1 40.1 1.40 0.77-2.56
   >12 19.3 29.1 25.7   
Occupational status      
   Employed 66.7 57.3 60.5   
   Unemployed 17.5 14.5 15.6 1.02 0.59-1.77
   Retired 14.0 19.1 17.4 0.73 0.39-1.39
   Others 1.8 9.1 6.6 0.24 0.04-1.59
Household composition      
   Single 5.3 8.2 7.2   
   Couple 14.0 23.6 20.4 0.94 0.30-2.98
   Couple with sons/parents 70.2 58.2 62.3 1.54 0.56-4.22
   Others 10.5 10.0 10.2 1.41 0.44-4.56
Income (minimum wage)      
   <1 8.9 10.2 9.8 1.06 0.43-2.60
   1-3 73.2 67.6 69.5 1.22 0.69-2.17
   >3 17.9 22.2 20.7   
Comorbidity      
   Depression (current) 38.6 12.7 21.6 2.28 1.56-3.36
   Anxiety (current) 38.6 15.5 23.4 2.06 1.39-3.06
   Any current depression/anxiety 57.9 21.8 34.1 2.65 1.75-4.03
   Personality disorder 24.6 9.1 14.4 1.94 1.27-2.95
   Hypochondria 6.0 3.0 4.0 1.53 0.67-3.53
   Medicated psychoses 1.8 1.8 1.8   
SOMS-2      
   No of symptoms§      
women 5 [2-7] 1 [0-3] 2 [0-4]   
men 2 [0-11] 0 [0-2] 1 [0-3]   
   Wellbeing affected 83.0 50.0 64.8 2.65 1.39-5.06
   ADL affected 72.3 48.3 59.0 1.81 1.09-3.01
  1. Prevalence ratio: prevalence in category indicated against category with no values shown; CI: confidence interval; mean (standard deviation); for 164 participants; §median [1st and 3rd quartiles]; for those reporting symptoms (n = 105) and prevalence ratio for (yes vs. no)