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Table 1 Differences between untreated and treated patients at T0 (N = 594)

From: The course of untreated anxiety and depression, and determinants of poor one-year outcome: a one-year cohort study

  1. Untreated - unperceived problem 2. Untreated - unperceived need 3. Untreated - unmet perceived need 4. Treated
  M ± SD/% N M ± SD/% N M ± SD/% N M ± SD/% N
Predisposing characteristics         
Male gender (%) 34.8 24 30.0 21 29.0 36 27.2 90
Age (%)         
   1. 18-35 21.7 15 12.9 9 22.6 28 26.6 88
   2. 36-50 27.5 19 34.3 24 32.3 40 36.3 120
   3. 51-65 50.7 35 52.9 37 45.2 56 37.2 123
Education (%)         
   1. Basic 5.8 4 7.1 5 13.7 17 5.7 19
   2. Intermediate 60.9 42 62.9 44 53.2 66 59.5 197
   3. High 33.3 23 30.0 21 33.1 41 34.7 115
Born outside the Netherlands (%)a* 13.0 9 5.73 4 18.62,4 23 9.43 31
Marital status (%)         
   Never married 40.6 28 32.9 23 36.3 45 42.0 139
   Currently married 42.0 29 45.7 32 46.8 58 40.2 133
   Formerly married 17.4 12 21.4 15 16.9 21 17.8 59
Household composition - alone (%) 33.3 23 37.1 26 33.9 42 33.8 112
Loneliness (M ± SD; range 0-10)b*** 3.5 ± 3.23,4 68 4.6 ± 3.73 69 6.2 ± 3.71,2 123 5.3 ± 3.81 328
Social support (M ± SD; range 0-22)c** 8.4 ± 5.63 69 7.3 ± 5.2 70 5.5 ± 4.31 124 6.6 ± 5.1 331
Enabling factors         
Income in euro's p.m.(%)         
   < € 2.400,- 60.9 42 62.7 42 68.9 84 63.0 208
   > € 2.400,- 39.1 27 37.3 25 40.3 50 30.8 102
Employment status - unemployed (%) 29.0 20 38.6 27 40.3 50 30.8 102
Need factors         
Type of disorder         
   Major depression single (%)d *** 7.3 3,4 5 8.6 3,4 6 21.8 1,2 27 28.7 1,2 95
   Major depression recurrent (%)e *** 5.8 2,3,4 4 28.6 1 20 31.5 1 39 37.5 1 124
   Dysthemia (%)f ** 4.4 3,4 3 7.1 3,4 5 17.7 1,2 22 17.8 1,2 59
   General anxiety disorder (GAD) (%)g ** 10.1 3,4 7 14.3 4 10 25.8 1 32 29.3 1,2 97
   Social phobia (%)h * 39.1 27 24.3 3,4 17 46.0 2 57 37.2 2 123
   Panic without agoraphobia (%)I ** 10.2 7 27.1 3,4 19 12.9 2 16 11.8 2 39
   Panic with agoraphobia (%) 15.9 11 15.7 11 16.1 20 24.8 82
   Agoraphobia without panic (%) 21.7 15 17.1 12 16.9 21 11.2 37
   At least one depressive disorder (%)j *** 14.5 2,3,4 10 38.6 1,3,4 27 56.5 1,2,4 70 68.6 1,2,3 227
   Comorbid anxiety and depressive disorder (%)k*** 1.5 2,3,4 1 20.0 1,3,4 14 37.9 1,2 47 44.7 1,2 148
Recency (%)         
   <6 months 46.4 32 41.4 29 51.6 64 56.5 187
   6 - 12 months 4.4 3 4.3 3 6.5 8 6.0 20
   >12 months 49.3 34 54.3 38 41.9 52 37.5 124
Number of somatic diseases (M ± SD) .8 ± 1.0 69 .5 ± 1.0 70 .9 ± 1.1 124 .7 ± 1.1 331
Severity anxiety (BAI) T0 (M ± SD; range 0-63)l*** 8.2 ± 5.22,3,4 69 12.4 ± 8.01,3,4 70 16.5 ± 9.31,2 124 16.7 ± 9.81,2 331
Severity of depression (IDS) (M ± SD; range 0-84)m*** 15.7 ± 7.32,3,4 68 22.0 ± 8.41,3,4 70 28.6 ± 9.51,2 124 29.0 ± 11.41,2 330
  1. * p < .05 **p < .01 *** p < .001
  2. 1,2,3,4 numbers refer to groups who differ significantly from each other
  3. a χ 2(3) = 10.14, p = .017
  4. b F(3,584) = 8.64, p = .000
  5. c F(3,590) = 5.03, p = .002
  6. d χ2(3) = 24.41, p = .000
  7. e χ2(3) = 26.87, p = .000
  8. f χ2(3) = 12.34, p = .006
  9. g χ2(3) = 15.84, p = .001
  10. h χ2(3) = 9.07, p = .028
  11. i χ2(3) = 12.58, p = .006
  12. jχ2(3) = 78.22, p = .000
  13. kχ2(3) = 54.96, p = .000
  14. l F(3,590) = 20.02, p = .000
  15. m F(3,588) = 38.03, p = .000