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Table 1 Demographic and socio-economic variables associated with severe mental illness (SMI).

From: Physical health behaviours and health locus of control in people with schizophrenia-spectrum disorder and bipolar disorder: a cross-sectional comparative study with people with non-psychotic mental illness

Variable SMI
(n= 52)
n(%)
Non-psychotic mental illness
(n= 94)
n(%)
χ2 P
Gender     
   Male 28 (53.8) 32 (34) 5.24 0.02
   Female 24 (46.2) 62 (66)   
Age, mean (SD) 43.8 (±10.7) 42 (±13.6) - 0.424a
Employment     
   Unemployedb 31 (59.6) 12 (12.8) 35.37 <0.001
   Employedc 21 (40.4) 82 (87.2)   
Ethnicity (self-defined)     
   White 41 (78.8) 84 (89.4) 3 0.083
   Black or minority 11 (21.2) 10 (10.6)   
Education     
   School only 30 (58.8) 34 (36.2) 6.88 0.009
   Further education 21 (42.2) 60 (63.8)   
Duration of illness since diagnosis, years     
   <1 0 (0) 5 (5.3)   
   1-5 14 (26.9) 51 (54.3) 16.35 <0.001
   6-10 38 (73.1) 37 (39.4)   
   >10 0 (0) 1 (1.1)   
  1. a t-test
  2. b Includes those in receipt of state of benefits
  3. c Includes retired, student and homemaker status