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Table 2 Motivation to change lifestyle behaviours in people with severe mental illness (SMI) (n = 52) and people with non-psychotic mental illness (n = 94).

From: Physical health behaviours and health locus of control in people with schizophrenia-spectrum disorder and bipolar disorder: a cross-sectional comparative study with people with non-psychotic mental illness

Lifestyle Behaviour Report behaviour OR (95% CI) Concerned about behaviour OR
(95% CI)
Want to change behaviour OR
(95% CI)
Tried to change behaviour OR
(95% CI)
Successfully changed behaviour OR
(95% CI)
  SMI
n
(%)
Non-SMI*
n
(%)
  SMI
n
(%)
Non-SMI*
n
(%)
  SMI
n
(%)
Non-SMI*
n
(%)
  SMI
n
(%)
Non-SMI*
n
(%)
  SMI
n
(%)
Non-SMI*
n
(%)
 
Smoking 34
(65.4)
30
(31.9)
4.0
(2.0-8.3)
P < 0.001
28
(82.4)
26
(86.7)
0.7
(0.2-2.8)
p = 0.897
24
(85.7)
18
(69.2)
2.7
(0.7-10.3)
p = 0.207
15
(62.5)
12
(66.7)
0.8
(0.2-3.0)
p = 0.963
1
(6.7)
1
(8.3)
0.8
(0.04-0.03)
p = 0.565
Lack of exercise 51
(98.1)
89
(94.7)
2.9
(0.3-25.2)
p = 0.326
34
(66.6)
60
(67.4)
1.4
(0.7-2.9)
p = 0.396
33
(97.0)
51
(85.0)
5.8
(0.7-48.1)
p = 0.141
13
(39.4)
37
(72.5)
0.2
(0.01-0.6)
p = 0.005
5
(41.7)
15
(40.5)
0.7
(0.2-2.6)
p = 0.862
Poor diet 51
(98.1)
89
(94.7)
2.9
(0.3-25.2)
p = 0.326
20
(39.2)
29
(32.6)
1.3
(0.6-2.7)
p = 0.533
15
(75.0)
26
(89.7)
0.3
(0.07-1.6)
p = 0.281
7
(46.7)
16
(61.5)
0.5
(0.2-2.0)
p = 0.548
4
(57.1)
10
(62.5)
0.8
(0.1-4.9)
p = 0.824
  1. *"Non-psychotic mental illness" has been abbreviated as "Non-SMI" in order to accommodate spatial restrictions;
  2. OR: Odds ratio for SMI