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Table 2 Comparison of patients concerning LOS ≤ 23 days (median) vs. > 23 days (median)

From: Does psychopathology at admission predict the length of inpatient stay in psychiatry? Implications for financing psychiatric services

Variables LOS ≤ median (N = 1,629) LOS > median (N = 1,591) Total (N = 3,220)
Sociodemography    
Age (Median, IQR) 40 (50-31) **** 46 (60-34) **** 43 (54-32)
Sex, male 909 (55.8) **** 788 (49.5) **** 1697 (52.7)
Marital status, married 288 (18.7) **** 315 (21.1) **** 603 (19.9)
Employment status, employed 449 (28.2) 424 (27.6) 873 (27.9)
Living situation, own home 1004 (71.6) 954 (72.5) 1958 (72.1)
Clinical variables    
Psychopathological syndromes    
Paranoid-hallucinatory syndrome > 0 (median), yes 488 (30.0) **** 613 (38.5) **** 1101 (34.2)
Depressive syndrome > 4 (median), yes 678 (41.6) **** 815 (51.2) **** 1493 (46.4)
Psycho-organic syndrome > 0 (median), yes 418 (25.7) **** 528 (33.2) **** 946 (29.4)
Manic syndrome > 0 (median), yes 230 (14.1) 412 (25.9) 642 (19.9)
Hostility syndrome > 2 (median), yes 202 (12.4) 122 (7.7) 324 (10.1)
Vegetative syndrome > 0 (median), yes 341 (20.9) **** 420 (26.4) **** 761 (23.6)
Apathy > 3 (median), yes 653 (40.1) **** 846 (53.2) **** 1499 (46.6)
Compulsory syndrome > 0 (median), yes 74 (4.5)* 101 (6.3)* 175 (5.4)
Neurological syndrome > 0 (median), yes 106 (6.5) *** 153 (9.6) *** 259 (8.0)
Substance disorder (ICD-10, F1), yes 602 (36.9) **** 303 (19.0) **** 905 (28.1)
Personality disorder (ICD-10, F6), yes 214 (13.1) **** 121 (7.6) **** 335 (10.4)
Severity of illness at admission, markedly-extremely ill 984 (62.5) **** 1192 (78.5) **** 2176 (70.4)
Psychosocial Functioning (Median, IQR) 49 (60-35) **** 44 (55-30)**** 45 (56-33)
Severity of illness at discharge (improvement during hospital stay), unchanged to extremely worse 283 (18.2) **** 98 (6.9) **** 381 (12.8)
Admission-specific variables    
Type of referral, self 456 (30.2) **** 311 (22.8) **** 767 (26.7)
Insurance type, public 1571 (96.4) **** 1483 (93.2) **** 3054 (94.8)
Compulsory admission, yes 554 (34.0) 505 (31.7) 1059 (32.9)
Previous admission, yes 457(28.1) ** 374 (23.5) ** 831 (25.8)
Treatment variables    
Compulsory medication, yes 65 (4.1) **** 110 (7.6) **** 175 (5.8)
Social seclusion, yes 70 (4.4) **** 111 (7.7) **** 181 (6.0)
Other compulsory interventions, yes 62 (3.9) **** 97 (6.7) **** 159 (5.3)
Crisis intervention, yes 842 (53.7) **** 293 (20.5) **** 1135 (37.9)
Psychotherapy, yes 64 (4.1) **** 167 (11.7) **** 231 (7.7)
Integrated treatment, yes 213 (13.6) **** 278 (19.5) **** 491 (16.4)
Advisory service 27 (1.7) 25 (1.8) 52 (1.6)
  1. Abbreviations: LOS = length of stay. IQR = interquartile range. **** p < 0.0001, *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01 * p < 0.05.
  2. Not all variables sum up to N = 3,220 due to missing values as follows: 189 missings concerning marital status, 503 missings concerning living situation, 89 missings concerning employment status, 127 missings concerning severity of illness at admission, 240 missings concerning severity of illness at discharge, 270 missings concerning psychosocial functioning, 342 missings concerning manner of referral, 197 missings concerning compulsory treatment, 225 missings concerning most important treatment.