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Table 3 Comparison of food consumption and eating behaviours between a German normative sample, Palestinian clinical and Western clinical countries

From: Obesity and nutrition behaviours in Western and Palestinian outpatients with severe mental illness

  Palestine
n = 147
Western
n = 518
Normative    
  M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) n F-value p
Healthy food & drinks 2.75a (0.08) 2.52ab (0.02) 2.84b (0.01) 994 7.68 0.006
Diet products 2.48ab (0.08) 2.28a (0.02) 2.24b (0.01) 985 6.69 0.010
Traditional products 2.79a (0.70) 2.51a (0.02) 2.41a (0.01) 976 16.47 <0.001
Fast food 2.34a (0.10) 2.09a (0.03)    6.09 0.014
Regular meals 3.83a (0.10) 2.50ab (0.03) 3.72b (0.02) 1101 10.78 0.001
Unhealthy snacking 3.01a (0.15) 2.48a (0.04) 2.35a (0.02) 999 11.34 0.001
Eating away from home 2.18 (0.21) 2.46a (0.05) 2.20a (0.03) 1009 1.66 0.198
Emotional eating 1.99 (0.19) 2.19a (0.05) 1.83a (0.03) 996 1.04 0.309
Eating socially 2.59 (0.19) 2.88a (0.05) 3.05a (0.03) 1004 2.16 0.141
  1. Means are estimated marginal means controlling for diagnosis type. Means for consumption of products are on a 1 to 4 Likert scale and means for eating behaviours are on a 1 to 5 Likert scale. Values with the same subscript differ at the p < 0.05 level in post-hoc tests with Bonferroni corrections. No normative information is available for fast food consumption.