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Table 1 Prevalence of Sub-threshold Depression (SD) (HRDS > 10 without criteria for lifetime Depressive Episode) by sex and frequency of Mania and Hypomania detected by MDQ in SD, Depressive Episode point prevalence = DE and in the overall sample without depressive depression (SD or DE) = ND, by sex

From: Sub-threshold depression and antidepressants use in a community sample: searching anxiety and finding bipolar disorder

  Male % Female % Total % OR (F) CL 95% Χ2 1df P
SD 29 2.0 108 5.5 137 5.0 2.86 1.4-4.3 25.5 < 0.0005
1. MDQ in SD 3 10.3 7 6.5 10 7.3 0.6 0.24-1.39 0.10 0.76
2. MDQ in DE 4 23.5 11 28.9 15 27.3 1.3 0.41-2.10 0.01 0.92
3. MDQ in ND 42 3.0 36 2.0 78 2.4 0.6 0.34-1.05 3.14 0.08
MDQ in the overall sample 49 3.4 54 2.7 103 3.0 0.8 0.5-1.2 1.00 0.312
Χ2 by columns
3df
25.7   107.0   100.4      
P 0.0001   0.0001   0.0001      
  1. Homogeneity by cells in columns (1DF):
  2. Column Male 1vs2, χ2 = 0.6, P = 0.43; 1vs3, χ2 = 2.86, P = 0.09; 2vs3 χ2 16.3, P < 0.001; Column Female1vs2, χ2 = 11.1, P < 0.001; 1vs3, χ2 = 7.05, P = 0.006; 2vs3 χ2 = 98.8, P < 0.0001; Column Total 1vs2, χ2 = 12.5, P < 0.001; 1vs3, χ2 = 6.4, P < 0.01; 2vs3 χ2 = 91.2, P < 0.0001.