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Table 4 Association of mortality in schizophrenia with sociodemographic and clinical factors using Cox regression model, Butajira Ethiopia

From: Five-year mortality in a cohort of people with schizophrenia in Ethiopia

Characteristics Crude HR (95%CI) P-value Adjusted HR
(95% CI)
P-value
Sex     
   Male ref    
   Female 0.54 (0.19-1.52) 0.244   
Age Group     
   15-24 ref   ref  
   25-34 1.49 (0.55-4.09) 0. 43 1.85(0.46-7.43) 0.38
   35-50 2.03 (0.75-5.51) 0.16 3.99(0.73-21.69) 0.11
Marital status     
   Single ref   ref  
   Married 1.21 (0.57-2.56) 0.61 3.04(0.98-9.40) 0.053
   Other 0.86 (0.31-2.37) 0.77 1.36(0.38-4.83) 0.633
Educational Status     
   No formal ref   ref  
   Elementary 0.67 (0.31-1.44) 0.31 0.76(0.30-1.93) 0.56
   Secondary 0.64 (0.24-1.68) 0.37 0.36(0.11-1.22) 0.10
Place of residence     
   Urban ref   ref  
   Rural 0.49 (0.26-0.96) 0.038 0.34(0.14-0.80) 0.014*
Age of onset     
   ≤ 19 ref   ref  
   20-29 1.64 (0.69-3.88) 0.26 1.15(0.36-3.71) 0.81
   ≥ 30 1.78 (0.65-4.92) 0.26 1.07(0.24-4.67) 0.93
Duration of illness     
   ≤ 2 yrs ref   ref  
   > 2 yrs 1.38 (0.61-3.16) 0.44 0.73(0.25-2.13) 0.56
Speed of onset     
   Acute ref   ref  
   Insidious 2.22 (1.04-4.72) 0.038 2.86(1.24-6.57) 0.013*
Schizophrenia subtype     
   Paranoid ref   ref  
   Undifferentiated 1.09 (0.49-2.45) 0.82 0.66(0.25-1.75) 0.40
   Other 1.52 (0.69-3.34) 0.30 0.90(0.33-2.43) 0.84
Antipsychotics 50%     
   ≥ 50% ref   ref  
   < 50% 2.12 (1.02-4.55) 0.044 2.66(1.054-6.72) 0.038*
  1. * P < 0.05 significant difference