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Table 1 Sample characteristics.

From: The working alliance in a randomized controlled trial comparing online with face-to-face cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression

Characteristics Total sample
(n= 53)
Online group
(n= 25)
Face-to-face group
(n= 28)
Comparison
(df)
Age, M (SD) (in years) 36.7 (10.9) 34.9 (9.5) 38.3 (11.9) F(.91) = .25, ns
Gender (female) 36 (67.9%) 21 (84%) 15 (53%) χ 2(1), p .01
Marital status     χ 2(3) = .58, ns
   Single 31 (58.5%) 15 (60%) 16 (57%)  
   Married/cohabiting 9 (17%) 4 (16%) 5 (18%)  
   Divorced 6 (11.3%) 4 (16%) 2 (7%)  
   Widowed 7 (13.2%) 2 (8%) 5 (18%)  
Educational level     χ 2(2) = .21, ns
   Vocational-track sec. school 11 (20.8%) 3 (12%) 8 (28%)  
Intermediate-/academic-
track sec. school
20 (37.7%) 12 (48%) 8 (28%)  
   University degree 22 (41.5%) 10 (40%) 12 (43%)  
Employment status     
   Full-time work 36 (97.9%) 18 (72%) 18 (64.3%)  
   Unemployed 11 (20.8%) 5 (20%) 6 (21.4%)  
   Sick leave 4 (7.5%) 1 (4%) 3 (10.7%)  
   Retired 1 (1.9%) 1 (3.6%)   
No antidepressants 43 (81.1%) 23 (92%) 20 (71%) χ 2(1) = .14, ns
Previous face-to-face psychotherapy 28 (52.8%) 13 (52%) 15 (54%) χ 2(1) = .54, ns
Visits to medical doctors in last 12 months, M (SD) 4.5 (5.3) 5.2 (5.5) 3.78 (4.9) F(.002) = .30, ns
Where did you hear about the study?     
   Internet 30 (56.6%) 13 (52%) 17 (60.7%)  
   Newspaper 12 (22.6%) 5 (20%) 7 (25%)  
   Radio 2 (3.8%) 2 (8%)   
   Family/friends 1 (1.9%) 1 (4%)   
   Self-help group 3 (5.7%) 3 (12%)   
   Bulletin 4 (7.5%) 1 (4%) 3 (10.7%)  
   Caregiver (psychologist, primary care physician) 1 (1.9%)   1 (3.6%)