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Table 3 Standardized loadings for the three-factor model and the bifactor model and severity parameters for the bifactor model

From: General and specific components of depression and anxiety in an adolescent population

  three-factor model bifactor model Severity parameters
Abbreviated items depression worrying somatic symptoms general factor hopelessness suicidal thoughts generalized worrying restlessness -fatigue 1. threshold 2. threshold
M_1 miserable or unhappy 0.74    0.68 0.27    -1.15 2.41
M_2 not enjoy anything 0.55    0.51 0.21    0.29 4.08
M_ 3 less hungry 0.40    0.39     -0.05 2.82
M_8 no good any more 0.82    0.73 0.42    0.89 2.49
M_9 blamed myself 0.72    0.67 0.23    0.57 2.31
M_12 talking less 0.29   0.34 0.59     0.05 2.15
M_14 cried a lot 0.30 0.40   0.65 0.16    0.94 2.40
M_15 nothing good in the future 0.77    0.67 0.47    1.27 2.60
M_16 life not worth living 0.86    0.69 0.67    1.54 2.74
M_17 thought about dying 0.72    0.61 0.49    1.56 3.30
M_18 my family would be better off without me 0.77    0.65 0.52    1.48 2.77
M_19 thought about killing myself 0.80    0.66 0.56    2.03 3.50
M_20 didn't want to see friends 0.55    0.55     1.16 3.80
M_22 bad things would happen to me 0.45 0.35   0.77 0.15    0.65 2.36
M_23 hated myself 0.86    0.77 0.44    0.95 2.13
M_24 bad person 0.70    0.65 0.24    0.92 2.82
M_25 looked ugly 0.47 0.26   0.72     -0.22 1.36
M_27 felt lonely 0.78    0.72 0.30    0.39 2.04
M_28 nobody really loved me 0.82    0.72 0.44    1.13 2.25
M_29 no fun at school 0.38   0.23 0.58     0.17 2.31
M_30 never be as good as other kids 0.76    0.72 0.19    0.42 2.07
M_31 did everything wrong 0.77    0.74 0.15    0.55 2.28
R_3 others seemed to do things more easily 0.72    0.71     -0.51 1.45
R_4 trouble getting breath 0.24   0.34 0.55     1.51 3.35
R_9 others did not like the way I did things 0.74    0.73     0.04 1.85
R_12 alone even when there were people with me 0.81    0.75 0.28    0.75 2.09
R_13 sick to my stomach 0.68    0.67     1.01 2.76
R_14 got hurt easily 0.22   0.57 0.77     0.16 1.53
R_18 other children were happier 0.81    0.77 0.18    -0.12 1.49
R_27 people were against me 0.70    0.66 0.19    0.97 2.45
M_10 hard to make up mind   0.22 0.34 0.52     -1.13 1.83
M_14 cried 0.30 0.40   0.66     0.92 2.36
M_22 bad things would happen to me 0.45 0.35   0.76     0.66 2.39
M_25 looked ugly 0.47 0.26   0.72     -0.22 1.36
M_26 worried about aches and pains   0.20 0.36 0.50     0.34 2.86
R_1 trouble making up my mind   0.19 0.49 0.63     -0.59 1.92
R_2 worried when things did not go the right way   0.80   0.76   0.24   -0.16 1.50
R_5 worried a lot of the time   0.83   0.76   0.46   0.17 1.61
R_6 afraid of a lot of things   0.82   0.76   0.29   0.76 2.16
R_8 worried about what my parents would say   0.74   0.72     0.29 1.82
R_11 worried about what other people thought about me   0.75   0.73     -0.48 1.23
R_14 got hurt easily 0.22 0.57   0.77     0.16 1.53
R_17 worried about what was going to happen   0.84   0.78   0.32   0.12 1.74
R_19 bad dreams   0.56   0.55     1.38 3.24
R_20 got hurt easily when I was fussed at   0.77   0.75     0.71 1.95
R_21 someone would tell me I did things the wrong way   0.69   0.67     0.46 2.21
R_22 wake up scared   0.61   0.57   0.23   1.84 3.63
R_23 worried when I went to bed   0.70   0.63   0.43   0.90 2.48
R_26 worried   0.82   0.74   0.50   -0.22 1.54
R_28 worried about something bad happening to me   0.81   0.78   0.16   0.55 2.06
M_4 ate more    0.28 0.25     a a
M_5 so tired I just sat around and did nothing    0.58 0.50    0.29 -0.58 2.34
M_6 moving and walking more slowly    0.55 0.47    0.33 1.13 3.55
M_7 restless    0.46 0.37    0.48 -0.46 3.24
M_10 hard to make up my mind   0.22 0.34 0.52     -1.13 1.83
M_11 grumpy and cross easily    0.70 0.62    0.18 -1.16 1.19
M_12 talking a lot less than usual 0.29   0.34 0.59     0.05 2.15
M_13 talking more slowly than usual    0.54 0.47    0.25 2.06 4.15
M_21 hard to think properly or concentrate    0.79 0.69    0.29 -0.75 1.78
M_26 worried about aches and pains   0.20 0.36 0.50    0.20 0.34 2.86
M_29 no fun at school 0.38   0.23 0.58     0.17 2.31
M_32 didn't sleep as well as usual    0.61 0.52    0.39 -0.13 2.12
M_33 slept more    0.15 0.13     a a
R_1 trouble making up my mind   0.19 0.49 0.63     -0.59 1.92
R_4 trouble getting breath 0.24   0.34 0.55     1.51 3.35
R_7 got angry easily    0.69 0.61    0.17 -0.48 1.43
R_10 hard for me to get to sleep    0.62 0.54    0.27 -0.41 1.76
R_15 hands felt sweaty    0.48 0.42    0.20 0.79 3.38
R_16 tired a lot    0.71 0.61    0.39 -0.75 1.28
R_24 hard to keep my mind on school work    0.75 0.68     -0.50 1.40
R_ 25 wiggled in my seat    0.52 0.44    0.33 0.05 2.20
  1. M = Mood and Feelings Questionnaire, R = Revised Children Manifest Anxiety Scale
  2. The blanks refer to items which were not specified to load on the relevant factors in the confirmatory factor analysis.
  3. a Due to the very low factor loading < .3 on the general factor, severity parameters were not computed.