Skip to main content

Table 4 Relationship between lifetime cannabis use/dependence (meeting criteria for DSM-IV disorder) and delusional-like experiences (n = 8,773)

From: The association between delusional-like experiences, and tobacco, alcohol or cannabis use: a nationwide population-based survey

   Any Delusional-like experiences
   Screen items Probe items
A. Lifetime cannabis use/dependence disorder
  Count (%) Model 11
OR4 (95% CI5)
Model 22
OR4 (95% CI5)
Model 11
OR4 (95% CI5)
Model 22
OR4 (95% CI5)
Cannabis use disorder Cannabis dependence disorder 339 (4.23)
130 (1.74)
1.73 (1.12, 2.66)*
3.53 (1.87, 6.66)*
1.13 (0.71, 1.82)
1.76 (1.00, 2.75)*
2.28 (1.27, 4.12)*
5.51 (2.75, 11.05)*
1.35 (0.73, 2.49)
2.39 (1.14, 4.99)*
B. Age of onset of cannabis use disorder
Very early onset (Q1: 12-16y) 131 (1.59) 3.15 (1.80, 5.49) 1.85 (1.00, 3.44) 5.51 (2.42, 12.58) 2.85 (1.18, 6.89)
Early onset (Q2:17-18y) 123 (1.79) 1.39 (0.69, 2.81) 1.03 (0.49, 2.15) 3.08 (1.22, 7.77) 2.17 (0.84, 5.59)
Middle onset (Q3: 19-20y) 89 (1.26) 1.77 (0.64, 4.95) 1.08 (0.41, 2.84) 1.24 (0.20, 7.66) 0.70 (0.11, 4.46)
Late onset (Q4: 21-50y) 101 (1.09) 3.38 (1.65, 6.94) 1.93 (0.92, 4.05) 3.47 (1.46, 8.24) 1.73 (0.62, 4.82)
No onset of use disorder 8329 (94.28) Reference Reference Reference Reference
C. Age of onset of cannabis dependence
Very early onset (Q1: 12-16y) 32 (0.38) 5.83 (2.09, 16.19) 4.38 (1.39, 13.79) 12.73 (3.73, 43.66) 9.41 (2.42, 36.49)
Early onset (Q2:17-19y) 37 (0.65) 1.18 (0.27, 5.09) 0.76 (0.16, 3.52) 1.86 (0.49, 7.00) 1.11 (0.28, 4.44)
Middle onset (Q3: 20-22y) 28 (0.28) 1.43 (0.37, 5.52) 0.67 (0.16, 2.81) - -
Late onset (Q4: 23-50y) 31 (0.41) 10.39 (354, 30.56) 4.97 (1.58, 15.64) 6.34 (2.28, 17.63) 2.41 (0.76, 7.63)
No onset 8645 (98.27) Reference Reference Reference Reference
  1. 1Model 1 = Adjusted for age, sex, 2Model 2 = Adjusted for age, sex, marital status, migrant status, employment status, educational status, any anxiety disorders, any depressive disorders, physical disorders and 'other' substance harmful use/dependence ('other' substance harmful use/dependence denotes all other drug or alcohol use/dependence other than cannabis) 3OR = Odds Ratio, 4CI = 95% Confidence Interval; *significance: p < 0.01 (shown in bold) - No estimates because of low sample size