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Table 2 Proportion of students nominating specific illnesses or injuries as a main cause of death or disability (N = 95)*

From: Improving Knowledge and Attitudes towards Depression: a controlled trial among Chinese medical students

  DT (n1= 46) DT/SDL (n2= 49)
   Baseline FU1 FU2 FU3 Baseline FU1 FU2 FU3
   n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
1 Heart attack or other heart diseases 32 (69.6) 25 (54.3) a 28 (60.9) 36 (78.3) 34 (69.4) 29 (59.2) 37 (75.5) 34 (69.4)
2 HIV infection or AIDS 29 (63.0) 25 (54.3) 21 (45.7) a 25 (54.3) 30 (61.2) 29 (59.2) 25 (51.0) 18 (36.7) c
3 Diabetes 28 (60.9) 22 (47.8) 20 (43.5) a 23 (50.0) 29 (59.2) 31 (63.3) 28 (57.1) 23 (46.9)
4 Road traffic accidents 30 (65.2) 26 (56.5) 22 (47.8) 22 (47.8) 27 (55.1) 29 (59.2) 25 (51.0) 21 (42.9)
5 Stroke or other brain disease 20 (43.5) 19 (41.3) 18 (39.1) 20 (43.5) 29 (59.2) 16 (32.7) c 24 (49.0) 24 (49.0)
6 Depression 17 (37.0) 22 (47.8) 22 (47.8) 26 (56.5) e 19 (38.8) 35 (71.4) b 35 (71.4) b 31 (63.3) d
  1. * Only the students who nominated at least four illnesses or injuries at each time point were included in this analysis. These were the most common illnesses or injuries nominated by students as a main cause of death or disability at baseline.
  2. a P < 0.05 compared with baseline
  3. b P < 0.001 compared with baseline
  4. c P = 0.001 compared with baseline
  5. d P < 0.005 compared with baseline
  6. e P = 0.051, the pairwise comparison between baseline and FU3 for the DT group indicated a trend towards a difference in proportion of depression nomination.