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Table 1 Comparison of patients with SOAS incidents (n = 13) and without SOAS Incidents (n = 105).

From: Short-term prediction of threatening and violent behaviour in an Acute Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit based on patient and environment characteristics

  SOAS incidents
Mean/SD
Non-SOAS incidents
Mean/SD
Statistical significance
Total PANSSα 85.5(25.3) 72.4(21.4) NS
GAF-Sβ 24.5(12.6) 32.6(12.9) NS
GAF-Fβ 23.4(9.3) 33.8(12.4) NS
BVCγ 2.54(1.9) .60(.87) P = .002
Side effects    NS
   Extrapyramidal .00 (.00) .02(.19)  
   Acathisia .00(.00) .05(.29)  
Frequency of testing out and pushing limits 1.46(1.12) .50(.92) NS
Need to set limits 1.54(1.05) .53(1.97) NS
Intensity of testing out and pushing limits 1.92((1.55) .50(.98) NS
Segregation 1.77(.43) 1.50(.50) P = .041
Diagnosis of schizophrenia .46(.51) .37(.48) NS
Diagnosis of substance abuse .07(.27) .21(.41) NS
Physician's prediction 3.85(.55) 2.70(.29) P = .039
Medication    NS
   Hypnotics and sedatives .31(.48) .37(.48)  
   Anti-depressive .08(.27) .18(.38)  
   Anti-epileptic .00(.00) .16(.37)  
   Neuroleptic .38(.50) .31(.46)  
  1. SD = standard deviation. NS = not significant. Significance level p ≤ 0.05.
  2. α The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for schizophrenia. Scoring range 30-210.
  3. β The Global Assessment of Functioning Scale - Split version. Scoring range 1-100.
  4. γ The Brøset Violence Checklist. Scoring range 0-6.