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Table 3 Cardiovascular risk factors at program and completion

From: A well-being support program for patients with severe mental illness: a service evaluation

  Total (program entry = 754; completion n = 159) Differences (df) (completers only)
  Program entry (n = 754,100%) Program entry (completers n = 159, 20%) Program completion (n = 159, 20%)  
BMI     
   <24.9 (normal) 281 (37%) 41 (28%) 33 (26%) χ2 = 126.01; df = 4; p < 0.01
   25-29.9 (overweight) 303 (40%) 29 (20%) 35 (28%)  
   >30 (obese) 198 (26%) 76 (52%) 59 (47%)  
Hypertension     
   Normal BP (<140/85) 494 (66%) 103 (70%) 88 (69%) χ2 = 15.01; df = 1; p = <0.01
   Hypertension (>140/85) 260 (34%) 27 (30%) 39 (31%)  
Cigarette smoking     
   Smoker 315 (48%) 65 (41%) 71 (45%) ns
   Non-smoker 331 (51%) 94 (59%) 88 (55%)  
Alcohol     
   Alcohol 143 (22%) 22 (14%) 35 (22%) ns
   No-alcohol 503 (78%) 137 (86%) 124 (78%)  
Substance use     
   Cannabis use 69 (11%) 5 (3%) 6 (4%) ns
   Other reported substance use (e.g. cocaine, ecstasy, heroin, amphetamine) 38 (6%) 8 (5%) 7 (4%) ns
Activity     
   No regular activity 284 (44%) 72 (45%) 62 (39%) ns
Diet     
   Unhealthy diet 104 (16%) 100 (63%) 88 (55%) ns
   Average diet 182 (28%) 35 (22%) 43 (27%)  
   Healthy diet 360 (56%) 24 (15%) 28 (18%)  
Self-esteem     
   Low self-esteem 330 (51%) 93 (59%) 82 (52%) ns
   Low/medium self-esteem 104 (16%) 30 (19%) 30 (19%)  
   Medium self-esteem 181 (28%) 32 (20%) 42 (26%)  
   Medium/high self-esteem 22 (3%) 4 (3%) 3 (2%)  
   High self-esteem 9 (1%) 0 (0%) 2 (1%)  
  1. BMI, body mass index; χ2, chi squared test; ns, not significant.