Skip to main content

Table 2 Normative values of subjective quality of life domain scores by age groups*.

From: Profile of subjective quality of life and its correlates in a nation-wide sample of high school students in an Arab setting using the WHOQOL-Bref

  Physical health Psychological health Social relations Domain Environment domain General facet on health & OQOL
Age groups*:yrs: Males** Mean(SD)
[95% C.I]
Mean(SD)
[95% C.I]
Mean(SD)
[95% C.I]
Mean(SD)
[95% C.I]
Mean(SD)
[95% C.I]
14-15: N = 230 75.3(16.3)
[73.1-77.4]
66.8(17.5)
[64.5-69.2]
75.8(21)
[73.0-78.5]
74.9(17.5)
[72.6-77.3]
73.8(24)
[70.7-76.9]
16-17: N = 1338 72.5(15.6)
[71.6-73.3]
65.4(17.2)
[64.2-66.3]
74.4(22)
[73.3-75.6]
73.5(17.1)
[72.0-74.5]
71.8(22)
[71.6-73.9]
18-19: N = 527 69.0(15.5)
[67.7-70.4]
64.4(17.1)
[62.9-65.9]
73.6(22)
[71.7-75.4]
70.5(17.6)
[68.9-72.1]
69.9(23)
[68.0-71.9]
20-23: N = 62 67.3(13.3)
[63.8-70.8]
59.9(16.8)
[55.6-64.3]
70.4(20)
[65.2-75.6]
67.0(17.9)
[62.3-71.7]
65.5(22)
[60.0-71.0]
Total: N = 2157 71.8(15.7)
[71.1-72.5]
65.1(17.2)
[64.4-65.9]
74.2(21)
[73.3-75.2]
72.8(17.4)
[71.9-73.5]
72.0(23)
[71.0-72.9]
Adjusted scores (SE): All males*** 71.1(0.34)
[70.4 - 71.7]
63.7(0.33)
[63.1 - 64.4]
73.5(0.46)
[72.6 - 74.4]
71.7(0.37)
[70.9 - 72.4]
70.5(0.45)
[69.6 - 71.4]
Females** Physical health Psychological health Social relations Environment domain General facet on health & OQOL
14-15: N = 234 73.2(15.1)
[71.2-75.2]
61.1(18.0)
[58.8-63.5]
74.9(19)
[72.3-77.4]
71.7(18.0)
[69.3-74.1]
72.7(22)
[69.8-75.5]
16-17: N = 1432 69.3(16.4)
[68.4-70.1]
59.8(17.7)
[58.9-60.7]
71.7(21)
[70.6-72.9]
70.5(18.7)
[69.5-71.5]
69.3(23)
[68.1-70.5]
18-19: N = 554 64.6(16.8)
[63.2-66.0]
56.7(17.6)
[55.3-58.2]
69.3(22)
[67.4-71.2]
64.9(19.6)
[63.3-66.7]
65.7(24)
[63.8-67.7]
20-23: N = 56 61.4(17.5)
[56.4-66.3]
51.2(20.4)
[45.7-56.7]
67.6(24)
[61.1-74.2]
60.9(20.3)
[55.3-66.5]
57.1(26)
[50.2-64.1]
Total: N = 2276 68.4(16.6)
[67.7-69.0]
58.9(17.0)
[58.2-59.7]
71.3(21)
[70.5-72.2]
69.0(19.1)
[68.2-69.8]
68.5(23)
[67.5-69.4]
Adjusted scores (SE): All females*** 69.7(0.33)
[69.1 - 70.4]
60.6(0.33)
[59.9 - 61.3]
72.6(0.46)
[71.7 - 73.5]
70.7(0.36)
[69.9 - 71.4]
70.5(0.32)
[69.7 - 71.4]
All participants:
N = 4276
70.0(16.3)
[69.5-70.5]
61.9(17.8)
[61.4-62.5]
72.8(21)
[72.1-73.4]
70.8(18.4)
[70.3-71.4]
70.2(23)
[69.5-70.9]
Adjusted scores (SE): All participants*** 70.4(0.24)
[69.9 - 70.9]
62.2(0.23)
[61.7 - 62.6]
73.1(0.32)
[72.4 - 73.7]
71.2(0.26)
[70.7 - 71.7]
70.5(0.32)
[69.9 - 71.1]
  1. * Using the 0-100% scoring method: Mean (SD) [95% Confidence Intervals]
  2. * In all domains and for both sexes, quality of life decreased with age, such that those aged 14-15 and 16-17 had significantly higher scores than those aged 18-19 and 20-23: KWχ2 = 13.9 - 93.4, df = 3, P < 0.001..
  3. ** In all domains, males had significantly higher QOL than females: Mann-Whitney U = 1859917 - 2262080, Z = 5.2 - 11.6, P < 0.0001.
  4. *** Adjusted for age, father's occupation, depression and anxiety scores.