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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Associations of homelessness and residential mobility with length of stay after acute psychiatric admission

Variable Complete (% / total) Measure
Age   4482 (99.9%) Mean (SD) 39.3 (12.3)
Gender Male 4485 (100%) N (%) 2514 (56.1%)
Female    1971 (44.0%)
Ethnicity White British 4393 (98.0%) N (%) 1710 (38.9%)
Black African or Caribbean    1730 (39.4%)
Other    953 (21.7%)
Marital status Single 4130 (92.1%) N (%) 2999 (72.6%)
Divorced / separated / widowed    603 (14.6%)
Married    528 (12.8%)
Employed No 2604 (58.1%) N (%) 2316 (88.9%)
Yes    288 (11.1%)
Diagnosis Drug & alcohol 4092 (91.2%) N (%) 370 (9.0%)
Non-psychotic    1175 (28.7%)
Other psychotic a    1285 (31.4%)
Schizophrenia    1262 (30.8%)
Legal status b Informal 4485 (100%) N (%) 2491 (55.5%)
Section 2 MHA    1178 (26.3%)
Section 3 & Forensic MHA    816 (18.2%)
Longest admission in preceding two years Nil 4485 (100%) N (%) 2630 (58.6%)
1-16 days    477 (10.6%)
17-39 days    455 (10.1%)
40-89 days    463 (10.3%)
90+ days    460 (10.3%)
Number of discharges in preceding two years Nil 4485 (100%) N (%) 2630 (58.6%)
1    638 (14.2%)
2    522 (11.6%)
3    253 (5.6%)
4    170 (3.8%)
5 or more    272 (6.1%)
HoNOS #1 (Overactive, aggressive, disruptive or agitated behaviour) Nil or minor (0-1) 3429 (76.5%) N (%) 2015 (58.8%)
Mild to very severe (2-4)    1414 (41.2%)
HoNOS #2 (Non-accidental self-injury) Nil or minor (0-1) 3420 (76.3%) N (%) 2684 (78.5%)
Mild to very severe (2-4)    736 (21.5%)
HoNOS #3 (Problem drinking or drug-taking) Nil or minor (0-1) 3353 (74.8%) N (%) 2351 (70.1%)
Mild to very severe (2-4)    1002 (29.9%)
HoNOS #4 (Cognitive problems) Nil or minor (0-1) 3401 (75.8%) N (%) 2621 (77.1%)
Mild to very severe (2-4)    780 (22.9%)
HoNOS #5 (Physical illness or disability problems) Nil or minor (0-1) 3400 (75.8%) N (%) 2767 (81.4%)
Mild to very severe (2-4)    633 (18.6%)
HoNOS #6 (Problems associated with hallucinations and delusions) Nil or minor (0-1) 3397 (75.8%) N (%) 1439 (42.4%)
Mild to very severe (2-4)    1958 (57.6%)
HoNOS #7 (Problems with depressed mood) Nil or minor (0-1) 3407 (76.0%) N (%) 1949 (57.2%)
Mild to very severe (2-4)    1458 (42.8%)
HoNOS #8 (Other mental and behavioural problems) Nil or minor (0-1) 3425 (76.4%) N (%) 1475 (43.1%)
Mild to very severe (2-4)    1950 (56.9%)
HoNOS #9 (Problems with relationships) Nil or minor (0-1) 3332 (74.3%) N (%) 1814 (54.4%)
Mild to very severe (2-4)    1518 (45.6%)
HoNOS #10 (Problems with activities of daily living) Nil or minor (0-1) 3364 (75.0%) N (%) 2179 (64.8%)
Mild to very severe (2-4)    1185 (35.2%)
HoNOS #11 (Problems with living conditions) Nil (0) 3187 (71.0%) N (%) 1609 (50.5%)
Mild (1)    621 (19.5%)
Moderate (2)    434 (13.6%)
Moderately severe (3)    247 (7.8%)
Severe to very severe (4)    276 (8.7%)
HoNOS #12 (Problems with occupation and activities) Nil or minor (0-1) 3217 (71.8%) N (%) 1938 (60.2%)
Mild to very severe (2-4)    1279 (39.8%)
Homeless Not homeless 4386 (97.8%) N (%) 3667 (83.6%)
At admission    392 (8.9%)
Day 1 onwards    327 (7.5%)
Residential mobility during admission or within 28 days of discharge No 4386 (97.8%) N (%) 3740 (85.2%)
  Yes    646 (14.7%)
  1. Note. Total sample size was 4485.
  2. a‘Other psychotic’ comprised ICD-10 codes F21 to F31 inclusive. bLegal status was defined as the most restrictive section of the Mental Health Act in force during the first week of the admission. Detention only under Section 136, Section 5(2) or Section 5(4) was treated as informal legal status.