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Table 1 Participants according to demographic information and literacy skill

From: Prevalence of co-morbid depression in out-patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Bangladesh

Category Total Sample Sylheti speakers Bengali speakers
Total approached for screening (n) 483 220 263
Total recruited and taken part % (n) 86 (417/483) 45 (189/417) 55 (228/417)
Hospital    
BIRDEM, Dhaka % (n) 40.3 (168/417) 21 (35/168) 79 (133/168
NHN, Dhaka % (n) 20.6 (86/417) 14 (12/86) 86 (74/86)
BADAS Hospital Sylhet % (n) 39 (163/417) 87 (142/163) 13 (21/163)
Current Age (Mean ± SD) 53.2 (7.6) 53.9 (8.2) 53 (6.9)
% (n) Female 49.4 (206/417) 47 (89/189) 51 (117/228)
Monthly income in Taka a 9684 ± 6265 9376 ± 6096 9873 ± 6497
% (n) on insulin treatment 35 (145/417) 40 (75/189) 31 (70/228)
Duration of Insulin Treatment (in years) (Mean ± SD) 10.3 (3.9) 10.9 (4.0) 9.8 (3.8)
% (n) Illiterate 42.3 (176/417) 50 (94/189) 36 (82/228)
% (n) rural resident 55.4 (231/417) 79 (149/189) 16 (37/228)
% (n) Sylheti speakers 45.3 (189/417) NA NA
Bengali Language Skill    
% (n) Can’t speak, read or write 17 (70/417) 65.4 (67/189) 1 (03/228)
% (n) Can speak only; can’t read or write 17 (72/417) 2 (04/189) 30 (68/228)
% (n) Can read or write only; can’t speak 11 (45/417) 24 (45/189) -
% (n) Can speak, read and write 55 (233/417) 38.6 (78/189) 70 (157/228)
Treatment intensity    
% (n) Oral medication + diet 65 (272/417) 60 (114/189) 69 (158/228)
% (n) Insulin 19.4 (81/417) 23 (44/189) 16 (37/228)
% (n) Insulin + oral medication 15.3 (64/417) 16 (31/189) 15 (33/228)
% reported leisure-time physical activity 81.3 (339/417 86 (162/189) 78 (177/228)
Type of co-morbidity    
% (n) Cardiovascular Disease b 18 (75/417) 18 (34/189) 18 (41/228)
% (n) Hypertension (SBP >140/DBP > 90 mmHg) 31 (130/417) 37 (70/189) 26 (60/228)
% (n) Others (Kidney/eye problem nephropathy) 4 (18/417) 6.3 (12/189) 3 (06/228)
SBP [mmHg] (Mean ± SD) 124 (17) 127 (19) 121 (16)
DBP [mmHg] (Mean ± SD) 78 (11) 79 (13) 76 (10)
BMI (g/cm2) (Mean ± SD) 24.5 (4.2) 24.7 (4.6) 24.8 (4.5)
% (n) BMI ≤30 g/cm2 68 (283/417) 69.5 (131/189) 71 (161/228)
% (n) BMI > 30 g/cm2 32 (134/417) 30.5 (58/189) 29 (67/228)
FBS level (mg/dl) (Mean ± SD) 154.7 (57.4) 158.6 (59.3) 152.4 (52.7)
HbA1c level (mmol/mol)(Mean ± SD) 65 (−8) 67(−7) 65(−9)
Age at Diagnosis (Mean ± SD) 40 (3.3) 40.3 (3.4) 39.7 (3.1)
Duration of Medication [in years] (Mean ± SD) 13.2 (6.7) 13.6 (7.3) 12.9 (6.3)
Number of medication (Mean ± SD) 3.8 (1.9) 3.9 (1.9) 3.8 (1.8)
Number of co-morbidity (Mean ± SD) 1.2 (0.5) 1.3 (0.5) 1.2 (0.5)
  1. aOne US$ = 84 Bangladeshi Taka.
  2. bcardiovascular disease, includes conditions such as coronary heart disease (angina and heart attack) and stroke.
  3. SD standard deviation.
  4. BIRDEM Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders.
  5. NHN National Health Care Network.
  6. BADAS Diabetic Association of Bangladesh.
  7. SBP systolic blood pressure.
  8. DBP diastolic blood pressure.
  9. BMI body mass index.
  10. FBS fasting blood sugar.
  11. HbA1c glycosylated haemoglobin.