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Table 3 Mean difference of reported frequency of 17 somatic symptoms compared between individuals reporting chronic whiplash and individuals not reporting chronic whiplash and individuals reporting a past fractured hand or wrist and no past fractured hand or wrist, unadjusted, adjusted for gender and fully adjusted

From: Somatic symptoms beyond those generally associated with a whiplash injury are increased in self-reported chronic whiplash. A population-based cross sectional study: the Hordaland Health Study (HUSK)

  Chronic whiplash compared to no chronic whiplash Fractured wrist compared to no fractured hand/wrist
Somatic symptoms Unadjusted B (CI) Adjusted for gender B (CI) Fully adjusted* B (CI) Unadjusted B (CI) Adjusted for gender B (CI) Fully adjusted* B (CI)
Headache (H) 0.50 (0.40-0.60) 0.48 (0.38-0.57) 0.40 (0.31-0.49) −0.01 (−0.06-0.04) 0.05 (0.01-0.10) 0.04 (−0.00-0.09)
Dizziness (D) 0.49 (0.39-0.59) 0.47 (0.38-0.57) 0.36 (0.26-0.45) −0.01 (−0.06-0.04) 0.04 (−0.01-0.09) 0.01 (−0.04-0.06)
Joint/muscle pain (JMP) 0.45 (0.35-0.55) 0.44 (0.34-0.53) 0.32 (0.23-0.42) 0.07 (0.02-0.12) 0.11 (0.06-0.16) 0.08 (0.03-0.13)
Abdominal pain (AP) 0.34 (0.24-0.44) 0.33 (0.23-0.43) 0.24 (0.14-0.33) 0.04 (−0.01-0.09) 0.08 (0.03-0.13) 0.05 (0.00-0.10)
Nausea (N) 0.41 (0.31-0.51) 0.39 (0.30-0.49) 0.30 (0.20-0.39) 0.00 (−0.05-0.05) 0.04 (−0.01-0.09) 0.02 (−0.03-0.06)
Bloating (B) 0.29 (0.19-0.39) 0.27 (0.18-0.37) 0.19 (0.10-0.29) 0.02 (−0.03-0.07) 0.08 (0.03-0.13) 0.06 (0.01-0.11)
Tongue plaque (TP) 0.19 (0.09-0.28) 0.18 (0.08-0.28) 0.10 (0.00-0.20) 0.05 (−0.00-0.10) 0.07 (0.01-0.12) 0.04 (−0.01-0.09)
Regurgitation (R) 0.24 (0.14-0.34) 0.24 (0.14-0.34) 0.17 (0.08-0.27) 0.07 (0.02-0.12) 0.06 (0.01-0.11) 0.04 (0.01-0.09)
Frequent defecation (FD) 0.25 (0.16-0.35) 0.26 (0.16-0.36) 0.18 (0.08-0.27) 0.10 (0.05-0.15) 0.07 (0.02-0.12) 0.05 (−0.00-0.10)
Discomfort in genital region (DGR) 0.14 (0.04-0.24) 0.13 (0.03-0.23) 0.07 (−0.03-0.17) −0.02 (−0.07-0.03) 0.02 (−0.03-0.07) 0.01 (−0.04-0.06)
Skin discoloring (SD) 0.17 (0.07-0.27) 0.17 (0.07-0.27) 0.11 (0.01-0.21) 0.04 (−0.01-0.09) 0.04 (−0.01-0.09) 0.02 (−0.03-0.07)
Tiredness (T) 0.43 (0.33-0.52) 0.41 (0.31-0.51) 0.25 (0.16-0.33) 0.01 (−0.04-0.06) 0.05 (0.01-0.10) 0.01 (−0.03-0.06)
Paresthesia in extremities (PE) 0.41 (0.31-0.51) 0.40 (0.30-0.50) 0.30 (0.20-0.39) 0.04 (−0.01-0.09) 0.06 (0.01-0.11) 0.03 (−0.02-0.08)
Burning eyes (BE) 0.20 (0.10-0.30) 0.19 (0.09-0.29) 0.12 (0.02-0.22) 0.05 (0.00-0.10) 0.08 (0.03-0.13) 0.07 (0.02-0.11)
Shortness of breath (SB) 0.36 (0.26-0.46) 0.36 (0.26-0.46) 0.25 (0.15-0.34) 0.07 (0.02-0.12) 0.08 (0.03-0.13) 0.05 (0.00-0.09)
Chest pain (CP) 0.35 (0.25-0.45) 0.35 (0.26-0.45) 0.26 (0.17-0.36) 0.12 (0.07-0.17) 0.11 (0.06-0.16) 0.08 (0.03-0.13)
Urination problems (UP) 0.12 (0.02-0.22) 0.11 (0.01-0.21) 0.06 (−0.04-0.16) 0.03 (−0.02-0.08) 0.06 (0.01-011) 0.05 (0.00-0.10)
  1. *Adjusted for gender, anxiety, depression, education, benefit receipt, physical activity, marital status, consumption of alcohol, daily smoking and somatic diagnosis.