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Table 2 Associations between degree of disaster exposure and symptoms of distress at waves 2 and 3 a

From: Disaster exposure as a risk factor for mental health problems, eighteen months, four and ten years post-disaster – a longitudinal study

  Symptoms of distress at wave 2 Symptoms of distress at wave 3
  Model 1: Model 2: Model 1: Model 2: Model 3:
Disaster-related factors Disaster-related factors and symptoms distress and PTSD at wave 1 Disaster-related factors Disaster-related factors and symptoms distress and PTSD at wave 1 Disaster-related factors and symptoms of distress and PTSD at waves 1 and 2
  B SE P B SE P B SE P B SE P B SE P
Intercept 46.03 12.85 < .01 47.37 11.70 < .01 41.22 13.06 < .01 43.35 12.18 < .01 12.37 9.92 n.s.
Degree of disaster exposure 5.43 0.65 < .001 0.39 0.71 n.s. 5.16 0.68 < .01 0.81 0.75 n.s. 0.46 0.60 n.s.
Symptoms of distress at wave 1     0.58 0.44 < .01     0.49 0.04 < .01 0.07 0.05 n.s.
Symptoms of PTSD at wave 1     −0.14 0.12 n.s.     −0.07 0.13 n.s. 0.0001 0.09 n.s.
Symptoms of distress at wave 2              0.70 0.05 < .01
Symptoms of PTSD at wave 2              0.12 0.13 n.s.
  1. a Multiple regression analysis, adjusted for sex, age, ethnicity, employment status, educational level, smoking/non-smoking and number of chronic diseases. N.s. = not significant.
  2. Model 1, wave 2: Pooled R-Squared = 0.289, Pooled R-Squared C.I. = [0.234, 0.345].
  3. Model 2, wave 2: Pooled R-Squared = 0.51, Pooled R-Squared C.I. = [0.468, 0.551].
  4. Model 1, wave 3: Pooled R-Squared = 0.301, Pooled R-Squared C.I. = [0.249, 0.353].
  5. Model 2, wave 3: Pooled R-Squared = 0.454, Pooled R-Squared C.I. = [0.405, 0.501].
  6. Model 3, wave 3: Pooled R-Squared = 0.7, Pooled R-Squared C.I. = [0.648, 0.746].