Skip to main content

Table 6 Associations between degree of disaster exposure (sum-score) and symptoms of ptsd at waves 2, 3 and wave 4 for native dutch survivors only a

From: Disaster exposure as a risk factor for mental health problems, eighteen months, four and ten years post-disaster – a longitudinal study

  Symptoms of PTSD at wave 2 Symptoms of PTSD at wave 3 Symptoms of PTSD at wave 4
  Model 2: Model 3: Model 2: Model 3: Model 4:
  Disaster-related factors and symptoms distress and PTSD at wave Disaster-related factors and symptoms of distress and PTSD at wave 1 and 2 Disaster-related factors and symptoms distress and PTSD at wave 1 Disaster-related factors and symptoms of distress and PTSD at wave 1 and 2 Disaster-related factors and symptoms of distress and PTSD at wave 1, 2 and 3
  B SE P B SE P B SE P B SE P B SE P
Intercept −21.69 5.16 < .01 −21.93 4.33 < .01 −23.60 4.91 < .01 −15.85 5.0 < .05 −8.52 5.16 n.s.
Degree of disaster exposure 0.74 0.26 < .05 0.71 0.23 < .05 0.80 0.24 < .01 0.47 0.23 n.s. 0.19 0.23 n.s.
Symptoms of distress, wave 1 0.1 0.01 < .01 0.02 0.01 n.s. 0.07 0.02 < .01 0.02 0.02 n.s. 0.008 0.02 n.s.
Symptoms of PTSD, wave 1 0.30 0.04 < .01 0.09 0.04 n.s. 0.16 0.05 < .05 0.03 0.05 n.s. −0.002 0.04 n.s.
Symptoms of distress, wave 2     0.005 0.01 n.s.     0.03 0.02 n.s. 0.02 0.02 n.s.
Symptoms of PTSD, wave 2     0.54 0.04 <.01     0.43 0.05 < .01 0.21 0.06 < .01
Symptoms of distress, wave 3              0.02 0.01 n.s.
Symptoms of PTSD, wave 3              0.39 0.07 < .01
  1. a Multiple regression analysis, adjusted for sex, age, ethnicity, employment status, educational level, smoking/non-smoking and number of chronic diseases. n.s. = not significant.
  2. Model 2, wave 2: Pooled R-Squared = 0.365, Pooled R-Squared C.I. = [0.317, 0.412].
  3. Model 3, wave 3: Pooled R-Squared = 0.544, Pooled R-Squared C.I. = [0.498, 0.587].
  4. Model 2, wave 4: Pooled R-Squared = 0.21, Pooled R-Squared C.I. = [0.158, 0.266].
  5. Model 3, wave 4: Pooled R-Squared = 0.378, Pooled R-Squared C.I. = [0.318, 0.437].
  6. Model 4, wave 4: Pooled R-Squared = 0.464, Pooled R-Squared C.I. = [0.396, 0.53].