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Figure 1 | BMC Psychiatry

Figure 1

From: Interactions among alcohol dependence, perinatal common mental disorders and violence in couples in rural Vietnam: a cross-sectional study using structural equation modeling

Figure 1

Indirect effect of comorbid PCMD and AD in husbands on probability of PCMD in wives via intimate partner violence. Only significant paths were included (see Table 2 for details). All of the variables in the diagram (presented in rectangular boxes) are observed except for the unmeasured (latent) variable ‘Intimate partner violence’ (represented as an ellipse).Single-headed solid arrows represent statistically significant directional paths, whereas dashed lines indicate factor loadings of the latent variable.

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