Skip to main content

Table 4 Individual belief models and remission- multivariate analysis

From: Insight, psychopathology, explanatory models and outcome of schizophrenia in India: a prospective 5-year cohort study

Model and Variables1 Multivariate statistics2
OR 95% CI
Model for beliefs at baseline: 3
- Explanatory model- evil spirits as causal 0.18 0.04-0.75
- Residence –urban 34.07 2.96-391.95
-Fluctuating course of initial illness 4.18 1.30-13.43
Model for beliefs at 12-months: 3
- Explanatory model- disease as causal 2.29 1.06-4.91
- Residence –urban 2.98 1.13-7.66
-Fluctuating course of initial illness 3.04 1.27-7.24
Models for beliefs at 60-months: 3
I - Explanatory model- disease as causal 31.65 7.34-136.55
- Residence –urban 26.22 2.16-317.84
- Fluctuating course of initial illness 5.94 1.30-27.18
II- Explanatory model- black magic as causal 0.14 0.04-0.46
 - Residence –urban 16.22 1.56-168.75
 - Fluctuating course of initial illness 3.54 1.05-11.99
III- Preferred causal explanatory model – disease model 55.62 9.69-319.31
 - Residence –urban 29.11 2.00-424.25
 - Fluctuating course of initial illness 7.41 1.33-41.45
IV - Preferred causal explanatory model – non medical 0.02 0.003-0.10
 - Residence –urban 29.14 2.00-424.25
V – Belief in at least one non-medical explanatory model 11.96 3.52-40.60
VI - Belief in disease model plus at least one non-medical model 61.45 16.27-232.04
 - Residence –urban 3.63 1.03-12.77
VII - Interaction between disease and non-medical model 3.70 2.15-6.37
 - Residence –urban 24.57 1.79-337.12
  1. OR- Odds Ratio; 95%CI- 95% Confidence Interval for Odds Ratio; 1- No explanatory models significant at 6 months; 2- logistic regression; 3- model includes belief plus factors known to be associated with knowledge (age, sex, education, residence) and baseline clinical variables significantly associated with outcome (no. of meals/day, duration of untreated psychosis, fluctuating nature of initial illness).