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Table 4 Comorbidity and symptom assessments in patients with substance use disorders with and without comorbid personality disorders

From: In-depth study of personality disorders in first-admission patients with substance use disorders

  PD full criteria PD including subthreshold diagnoses
  Yes No Sign. Yes No Sign.
  n= 28 n =33 n= 35 n =26
Comorbid Axis I disorders
Any Axis I disordera (%) 93 79   91 77  
Number of Axis I disordersa (mean) 2.6 1.7 * 2.5 1.7  
Any mood disorder (%) 79 73   80 69  
MDD (%) 68 70   69 69  
Any anxiety disorder (%) 68 36 * 60 39  
Social phobia (%) 50 15 ** 40 19  
Panic disorder (%) 18 6   14 8  
PTSD (%) 21 15   17 19  
Other assessments
SCL-90-R, GSI score (mean) 1.45 0.94 * 1.37 0.92 *
IDS sum score (mean) 30.5 22.4 ** 28.0 23.6  
GAF-S (mean score) 51.4 58.8 *** 53.0 58.7 **
GAF-F (mean score) 49.5 61.4 *** 51.5 61.9 ***
  1. Notes. All diagnoses are lifetime diagnoses. a Axis I disorders other than SUDs. * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p ≤ 0.001.
  2. PD personality disorder, Subthreshold lacking one criterion for the diagnosis, SUD substance use disorder, MDD major depressive disorder, PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder, GAF-S Global Assessment of Functioning, Symptom score, GAF-F Global Assessment of Functioning, Functioning score, SCL-90-R Symptom Checklist, 90 Questions, Revised, GSI Global Symptom Index, IDS Inventory of Depressive Symptoms, Sign. statistically significant differences between patients with and without PD.