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Table 5 Comparison of predictive discriminatory accuracy of cross-validated models using measures of activity versus attention

From: Hyperactivity persists in male and female adults with ADHD and remains a highly discriminative feature of the disorder: a case-control study

Criteria Linear Discriminant Analysis General Linear Model Multinomial Logistic Regession
  No 4's Attn CPT-II Attn Activity No 4's Attn CPT-II Attn Activity No 4's Attn CPT-II Attn Activity
Accuracy 0.659 0.670 0.768ab 0.650 0.663 0.766ab 0.703 0.706 0.801ab
Kappa 0.257 0.281 0.505ab 0.240 0.269 0.504ab 0.360 0.360 0.583ab
ROC-AUC 0.671 0.712 0.821ab 0.661 0.692 0.800ab 0.722 0.729 0.839ab
Sensitivity 0.786 0.790 0.835cd 0.752 0.776 0.816ef 0.800 0.821 0.829
Specificity 0.462 0.482 0.665ab 0.491 0.486 0.687ab 0.552 0.528 0.758ab
Criteria Neural Network Support Vector Machine Random Forest Classification
  No 4's Attn CPT-II Attn Activity No 4's Attn CPT-II Attn Activity No 4's Attn CPT-II Attn Activity
Accuracy 0.659 0.677 0.809ab 0.720 0.709 0.817ab 0.663 0.624 0.842ab
Kappa 0.273 0.299 0.607ab 0.396 0.376 0.621ab 0.292 0.191 0.676ab
ROC-AUC 0.687 0.711 0.816ab 0.731 0.753 0.829ab 0.661 0.673 0.889ab
Sensitivity 0.742 0.769 0.801ab 0.811 0.793 0.807 0.753 0.775 0.828ab
Specificity 0.528 0.534 0.802ab 0.578 0.578 0.833ab 0.543 0.415 0.870ab
  1. aActivity > No4's Attention p < 10–15, bActivity > CPT-II Attention p < 10–15.
  2. cActivity > No4's Attention p < 10–6, dActivity > CPT-II Attention p < 10–5.
  3. eActivity > No4's Attention p < 10–8, fActivity > CPT-II Attention p < 0.0001.