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Table 3 Intervention Outcome Measurements

From: Effective lifestyle interventions to improve type II diabetes self-management for those with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder: a systematic review

Author Year Diabetes Knowledge Outcome Average Weight Loss (lbs) BMI (Kg/m2) Reduction Blood Glucose (mg/DL) Reduction HbA1c (%) Reduction
Lindenmayer et al. 2009 All subjects:
Nutrition/healthy lifestyle
BL = 17.1/30, change @
6M = 20.82/30 (P < 0.001);
Fitness and exercise module
BL = 16.97/30, change @
6M = 20.27/30 (P < 0.001)
Diabetes: 5.98 (P = nr),
Non-diabetes: 4.46 (P = nr)
Diabetes:
BL = 33.94, change @
6M = 30.55 (P = nr);
non-diabetes
BL = 29.55, change @
6M = 27.36 (P = nr)
Diabetes:
BL = 115.84, change @
12M = 98.05 (P < 0.001);
non-diabetes:
BL = 92.81 change @
12M = 87.69 (P = nr)
 
Teachout et al. 2011   20.35 (P = nr)   40% in the recommended range of 90-110  
McKibbin et al. 2006 DART:
BL = 0.5, change @
6M = 0.7 (P < 0.001);
UC:
no change (P < 0.001)
DART:
5.1 (P < 0.001);
UC:
-6.8 (P < 0.001)
DART:
BL = 33.6, change @
6M = 32.9 (P < 0.001);
UC:
BL = 32.9, change @
6M = 33.9 (P < 0.001)
DART:
BL = 163.9, change @
6M = 125.7 (P = ns)
UC:
BL = 147.2, change @
6M = 143.4 (P = ns)
DART:
BL = 7.4, change @
6M = 6.9; (P = ns)
UC:
BL = 6.7, change @
6M = 6.8 (P = ns)
McKibbin et al. 2010 DART:
BL = 0.5, change @
6M = 0.6 (P < 0.01);
UC:
no change (P < 0.01)
  DART:
BL = 33.9, change @
6M = 32.9 (P < 0.01);
UC:
BL = 32.6, change @
6M = 34.0 (P < 0.01)
  DART:
BL = 7.3 change @
12M = 6.9 (P = ns);
UC:
BL = 6.8, change @
12M = 7.9 (P = ns)
  1. BL = Baseline measurement; 6M = 6 month follow-up; 12M = 12 month follow-up; DART = Diabetes Awareness and Rehabilitation Training experimental group; UC = Usual Care control group; nr = not reported; ns = not statistically significant