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Table 1 Characteristics of depressive patients and non-depressive controls

From: Impaired pitch identification as a potential marker for depression

ICD-Diagnosis BDIa sex age musician educationb smoker
Depressive patients
F32.1 19 f 36 no low yes
F32.1 23 f 47 no low yes
F32.2 23 f 62 yes high no
F33.1 27 f 48 yes high yes
F33.1 27 f 63 no middle no
F33.2 29 f 55 no low yes
F32.1 15 m 24 yes high no
F32.2 31 m 27 no high yes
F33.2 34 m 36 no high yes
F33.3 11 m 52 no high yes
F33.3 34 m 40 no low yes
F33.3 17 m 55 no high no
M ± SD 24 ± 7 6/6 45 ± 12 3/9 4/1/7 8/4
Controls
  4 f 47 no middle yes
  8 f 51 no middle yes
  8 f 60 yes middle no
  1 f 50 yes high yes
  0 f 62 no middle no
  1 f 58 no low yes
  3 m 22 yes high no
  5 m 23 no high yes
  1 m 39 no high no
  2 m 56 no middle yes
  0 m 42 no middle yes
  1 m 52 no high yes
M ± SD 3 ± 3 6/6 46 ± 13 3/9 1/6/5 8/4
  1. a BDI = scores in the Beck Depression Inventory.
  2. b low = no secondary modern school; middle = secondary modern school education; high = matriculation standard.