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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of healthcare providers with total and subscale scores b

From: The development and psychometric properties of a new scale to measure mental illness related stigma by health care providers: The opening minds scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC)

Demographic variables Health care providers including medical students, Frequency (%) n = 787 Total score Attitudes subscale Disclosure subscale
   (95% C.I.) (95% C.I.) (95% C.I.)
Age (years)     
18–25 years 106 (13.5) 60.7 14.9 16.3
   (59.6–61.8) (14.1–15.7) (15.8–16.8)
26–44 years 349 (44.4) 57.7 12.8 15.1
   (57.2–58.2) (11.8–12.5) (14.9–15.4)
45–64 years 319 (40.5) 56.3 11.3 14.4
   (55.8–56.8) (10.9–11.6) (14.2–14.7)
65 years or older 13 (1.6) 55.5 10.1 13.8
   (53.4–57.7) (8.7–11.5) (12.3–15.2)
Sex     
Female 631 (80.2) 57.3 11.9 14.9
   (56.9–57.6) (11.6–12.1) (14.7–15.1)
Male 156 (19.8) 58.5 13.2 15.3
   (57.6–59.5) (12.5–13.9) (14.8–15.7)
Do you know a close friend or family member with mental illness?     
Yes 634 (80.6) 57.3 11.9 14.9
   (56.9–57.7) (11.6–12.1) (14.7–15.1)
No 130 (16.5) 58.4 13.2 15.5
   (57.6–59.1) (12.6–13.8) (15.1–15.9)
Don’t know 23 (2.9) 58.9 13.9 15.5
   (57.3–60.4) (12.5–15.2) (14.5–16.6)
Have you ever treated a person with a mental illness?     
Yes 657 (83.5) 57.2 11.7 14.9
   (56.8–57.5) (11.5–12.0) (14.7–15.0)
No 113 (14.3) 59 14 15.7
   (58.1–59.9) (13.3–14.7) (15.3–16.1)
Don’t know 17 (2.2) 60.8 15 15.4
   (56.8–64.7) (11.9–18.1) (13.9–16.8)
Ethnicity     
White 683 (86.8) 57.3 11.8 14.9
   (56.9–57.6) (11.6–12.1) (14.7–15.1)
Asian 43 (5.5) 59.4 15 15.8
   (58.1–60.8) (14.0–16.1) (15.0–16.6)
South East Asian 32 (4.1) 58.5 13.8 15.7
   (56.8–60.2) (12.6–15.0) (15.0–16.4)
Aboriginal 12 (1.5) 58.5 14.3 14.3
   (52.1–64.9) (9.6–18.9) (12.4–16.3)
Black 8 (1.0) 56.6 11.8 14.5
   (52.9–60.3) (9.9–13.6) (12.1–16.9)
Arab/West Asian 7 (0.9) 62.7 15 17.1
   (60.0–65.5) (11.8–18.2) (14.1–20.2)
Latin American 2 (0.2) 58 11 17
   (45.3–70.7) (-27.1–49.1) (-8.4–42.4)
Province     
Ontario 204 (25.9) 56.6 11.2 14.8
   (56.1–57.2) (10.8–11.6) (14.4–15.1)
Manitoba 203 (25.8) 56.8 11.7 14.4
   (56.3–57.4) (11.2–12.1) (14.1–14.7)
Alberta 195 (24.8) 59.5 13.8 15.8
   (58.8–60.2) (13.3–14.3) (15.5–16.2)
British Columbia 153 (19.4) 57 11.9 15
   (56.2–57.8) (11.3–12.5) (14.6–15.4)
Atlantic provinces 21 (2.7) 57 11.2 14.2
   (55.3–58.6) (9.9–12.4) (13.1–15.4)
Northwest Territories and Yukon 6 (0.8) 62 14.8 16.7
   (44.3–79.7) (4.1–25.6) (13.1–20.2)
Quebec 4 (0.5) 58 12.8 15.3
   (56.2–59.8) (7.2–18.3) (10.0–20.5)
Saskatchewan 1 (0.1) - - -
Professional group     
Social workers/social work students 167 (21.2) 56.6 11 14.8
   (56.0–57.3) (10.6–11.5) (14.4–15.2)
Nurses/nursing students 138 (17.5) 57.3 12.3 14.8
   (56.5–58.1) (11.7–12.9) (14.4–15.2)
Physicians and medical students 129 (16.4) 61 15.1 16.4
   (60.2–61.8) (14.5–15.7) (16.0–16.8)
Psychiatric nurses/psychiatric nursing students 108 (13.7) 55.7 11 14.4
   (55.0–56.5) (10.4–11.5) (13.9–14.8)
Other 102 (13.0) 57.2 11.8 14.5
   (56.2–58.1) (11.1–12.6) (14.0–15.0)
Psychologists/graduate students in psychology 95 (12.1) 57.1 11.8 14.9
   (56.0–58.2) (11.1–12.5) (14.4–15.4)
Occupational therapists/ occupational therapy students 48 (6.1) 57.4 11.4 14.9
   (56.3–58.5) (10.6–12.3) (14.2–15.5)
  1. bHigher scores indicate more stigma.