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Table 4 Results for instruments assessing changes in knowledge and attitudes

From: Mental health first aid for eating disorders: pilot evaluation of a training program for the public

Instrument Baseline Post-training Follow-up Sig Test Change Baseline to Post-training Change Baseline to Follow-up
Knowledge of Eating Disorder Symptoms (mean total score) 3.4 3.4 3.1 p = .4   
MHLQ-B
 Problem recognised as BN (%) 17.8 42.5 28.8 p = .001 p < .001 p = .115
 Problem recognised as any EDA (%) 45.2 78.1 64.4 p < .001 p < .001 p = .007
 Problem recognised as general mental health problemB (%) 49.3 21.9 27.4 p < .001 p < .001 p = .002
 knowledge of effective treatments scaleC (mean total score) 4.7 6.4 5.4 p < .001 p < .001 p < .001
 knowledge of informal help-seeking scale (mean total score) 2.8 3.2 3.0 p = .007 p = .004 p = .054
First Aid Knowledge Test (mean total score) 16.1 23.2 20.4 p < .001 p < .001 p < .001
Mental Health First Aid Questions
 item 5 - ALGEE (mean total score) 2.0 4.0 3.0 p < .001 p < .001 p = .089
Social Distance Scale (mean total score) 16.0 16.2 15.6    
MHLQ-B
How distressing do you think it would be to have Kelly's problem? p = .51      
 Extremely (%) 38.4 39.7 43.8    
 Very (%) 53.4 56.2 49.3    
 Moderately (%) 8.2 4.1 6.8    
 A little (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0    
 Not at all (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0    
How sympathetic would you be towards someone with Kelly's problem? p = .002 p = .001 p = .17    
 Extremely (%) 24.7 39.7 30.1    
 Very (%) 56.2 50.7 53.4    
 Moderately (%) 16.4 9.6 16.4    
 A little (%) 2.7 0.0 0.0    
 Not at all (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0    
Have you ever thought it might not be too bad to be like Kelly? p = .07      
 Always (%) 1.4 0.0 1.4    
 Often (%) 6.8 5.5 6.8    
 Occasionally (%) 19.2 16.4 19.2    
 Rarely (%) 30.1 30.1 31.5    
 Never (%) 42.5 47.9 41.1    
  1. A Any ED included use of the labels 'bulimia nervosa', 'anorexia nervosa' or 'a binge eating disorder or problem'.
  2. B Any mental health problem included use of the labels 'an anxiety disorder or problem', 'mental illness', 'depression' or 'low self-esteem or lack of self-worth'.
  3. C This included items that were considered to have evidence for efficacy or recommended in treatment guidelines for BN: antidepressants, cognitive behavioural therapy, getting advice about diet or nutrition, GP, psychiatrist, psychologist.