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Table 5 Results for instruments assessing changes in behaviour

From: Mental health first aid for eating disorders: pilot evaluation of a training program for the public

Instrument Baseline Follow-up Sig Test
Level of Contact Report (mean highest score) 7.49 7.57 p = .783
Mental Health First Aid Questions    
 item 1 – Any contact    p = .768
 Yes (%) 60 56  
 No (%) 26 30  
 Not sure (%) 14 14  
 item 2 – Number of contacts A    p = .95
 Contact with 1 person (n,%) 19, 47.5 13, 31.7  
 Contact with 2 people (n,%) 11, 27.5 16, 39.0  
 Contact with 3 people (n,%) 7, 17.5 10, 24.4  
 Contact with 4 or more people (n,%) 3, 7.5 2, 4.9  
 item 3 – Amount of help A    p = .08
 No help provided (n,%) 17, 38.6 11, 26.8  
 A little (n,%) 12, 27.3 15, 36.6  
 Some (n,%) 12, 27.3 12, 29.3  
 A lot (n,%) 3, 6.8 3, 7.3  
 item 4 – Type of help B    
 Asked someone more appropriate than myself to help the person (n,%) 3, 10.7 8, 25.8 p = .18
 Talked to the person directly (n,%) 15, 53. 15, 48.4 p = 1.0
 Offered general support (n,%) 6, 21.4 3, 9.7 p = .45
 Offered information about illness/services (n,%) 3, 10.7 5, 16.1 p = .72
 Encouraged/assisted with seeking prof help (n,%) 4, 14.3 9, 29.0 p = .23
 Encouraged self help (n,%) 1, 3.6 4, 12.9 p = .38
 Offered practical help (n,%) 6, 21.4 2, 6.5 p = .29
 Offered emotional support (n,%) 11, 39.3 8, 25.8 p = .61
 Risk assessment/monitoring (n,%) 1, 3.6 4, 12.9 p = .38
 item 6 – Confidence in helping Kelly (mean score) 2.2 2.7 p < .001
 Not at all (n,%) 16, 21.9 3, 4.1  
 A little (n,%) 34, 46.6 27, 37  
 Moderately (n,%) 17, 23.3 34, 46.6  
 Quite a bit (n,%) 6, 8.2 9, 12.3  
 Extremely (n,%) 0, 0.0 0, 0.0  
  1. A = Data is for 44 participants at baseline and 41 at follow-up (ie. Only those who reported having had contact with someone with an ED).
  2. B = Data is for 28 participants at baseline and 31 at follow-up (ie. Not all of those who reported contact also offered assistance. This data is only for those who offered assistance).