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Table 1 Socio-demographic risk factors by probable HIV dementia (PHD)

From: Prevalence and factors associated with probable HIV dementia in an African population: A cross-sectional study of an HIV/AIDS clinic population

 

Number in study (N,%)

Probable HIV dementia (n,%)

Unadjusted OR (95% CI)

Adjusted OR§(95% CI)

Sex

  

P=0.536

 

Male

169 (27.3)

105 (62.1)

1

 

Female

449 (72.7)

291 (64.8)

1.12 (0.78-1.62)

 

Age (years)

  

P=0.927

 

19-24

58 (9.4)

36 (62.1)

1

 

25-34

238 (38.6)

150 (63.0)

1.04 (0.58-1.88)

 

35-44

217 (35.1)

147 (67.7)

1.28 (0.70-2.34)

 

45+

103 (16.7)

62 (60.2)

0.92 (0.48-1.79)

 

Marital status

  

P=0.669

P=0.592

Currently married/Cohabiting

275 (48.5)

188 (63.1)

1

1

Widowed

75 (13.2)

54 (65.1)

1.09 (0.65-1.81)

1.12 (0.65-1.94)

Separated/Divorced

132 (23.3)

104 (72.7)

1.56 (1.01-2.41)

1.56 (0.99-2.44)

Single

85 (15.0)

49 (52.7)

0.65 (0.41-1.04)

0.63 (0.39-1.02)

Education level

  

P=0.276

P=0.246

No education

65 (10.5)

45 (69.2)

1

1

Primary only

289 (46.8)

187 (64.7)

0.81 (0.46-1.45)

0.84 (0.47-1.50)

Secondary and

Above

264 (42.7)

164 (62.1)

0.73 (0.41-1.30)

0.73 (0.40-1.31)

Religion

  

P=0.081

P=0.167

Christians

535 (86.9)

336 (62.8)

1

1

Moslems

81 (13.1)

59 (72.8)

1.59 (0.94-2.67)

1.60 (0.94-2.70)

Employment Status

  

P=0.009

P=0.006

Farmer/Fisherman

97 (15.7)

67 (69.1)

1

1

Professional/Clerical

43 (7.0)

29 (67.4)

0.93 (0.43-2.00)

0.87 (0.41-1.90)

Tradesperson/artisan/transport worker

262 (42.4)

174 (66.4)

0.88 (0.54-1.46)

0.86 (0.51-1.44)

Unemployed/house Wife

131 (21.2)

85 (64.9)

0.83 (0.47-1.45)

0.78 (0.43-1.42)

Others (including students)

84 (13.6)

40 (47.6)

0.41 (0.22-0.75)

0.40 (0.21-0.73)

  1. Note:§ Adjusted for age and sex.