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Table 3 Psychosocial risk factors by probable HIV dementia (PHD)

From: Prevalence and factors associated with probable HIV dementia in an African population: A cross-sectional study of an HIV/AIDS clinic population

  Number in study (N,%) Probable HIV dementia (n,%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR§(95% CI)
Social Support    P=0.644 P=0.179
Low 188 (30.4) 123 (65.4) 1.09 (0.76-1.56) 1.1. (0.76-1.59)
High 430 (69.6) 273 (63.5) 1 1
Negative life events    P<0.001 P<0.001
1-5 events 350 (56.6) 199 (56.9) 1 1
6-10 events 191 (43.7) 138 (72.8) 2.03 (1.38-2.97) 2.14 (1.45-3.15)
11 + 77 (12.5) 58 (74.3) 2.32 (1.32-4.05) 2.35 (1.33-4.13)
Stress Score index    P<0.001 P<0.001
Low (score 0) 164 (26.5) 77 (46.9) 1 1
Medium (score 1–10) 323 (52.3) 222 (68.7) 2.48 (1.69-3.65) 2.55 (1.73-3.77)
High (score>10) 131 (21.2) 97 (74.0) 3.22 (1.96-5.30) 3.29 (1.99-5.45)
Negative Coping Style index    P=0.554 P=0.606
Low 101 (16.3) 81 (80.2) 1 1
Medium 322 (52.1) 160 (52.5) 0.27 (0.16-0.47) 0.26 (0.15-0.44)
High 195 (31.6) 146 (74.9) 0.74 (0.41-1.32) 0.71 (0.39-1.28)
Psychosocial Impairment    P=<0.001 P=<0.001
Present 318 (51.5) 176 (55.3) 0.45 (0.32-0.63) 0.45 (0.32-0.64)
  1. Note: § Adjusted for age and sex.