Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Associations of socio-demographic factors with 12-month PTSD in the South Africa Stress and Health Study (N = 4315)

From: Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in South Africa: analysis from the South African Stress and Health Study

Variable 12-month PTSD in total sample; OR (OR range) 12-month PTSD among those with events; OR (OR range) 12-month PTSD among those with events, controlling for events; OR (OR range) 12-month PTSD among those with lifetime PTSD; OR (OR range)
Gender
Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female 1.55 (0.58-4.14) 0.44 (0.06-3.27) 0.45 (0.12-1.68 2.40 (0.32-17.82)
Age
18 - 29 0.95 (0.10-9.50) 4.60 (0.17-123.08) 2.86 (0.16-50.34) 11.29 (0.17-743.84)
30 - 44 1.43 (0.35-5.86) 3.66 (0.61-21.89) 2.58 (0.43-15.50) 10.57 (0.29-384.73)
45 - 59 1.21 (0.23-6.42) 4.82 (0.47-49.80) 4.81 (0.61-37.88) 21.85 (0.66-722.73)
60+ 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Marital status
Married 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Previously married 1.34 (0.38-4.71) 0.19 (0.01-2.72) 0.30 (0.06-1.62) 0.02 (0.00-0.31)*
Never married 0.78 (0.20-3.02) 1.70 (0.49-5.92) 3.76 (0.78-18.15) 37.64 (2.22-639.50)*
Education level
Low 0.14 (0.01-1.42) 0.49 (0.03-9.92) 0.59 (0.03-13.83) .
Low-average 1.56 (0.38-6.38) 4.56 (0.30-68.37) 5.55 (0.29-106.30) 29.45 (2.62-330.50)*
High-average 0.53 (0.14-2.01) 0.17 (0.03-0.91)* 0.10 (0.01-0.82)* 2.03 (0.18-23.31)
High 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Employment
Employed 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Homemaker 0.67 (0.25-1.75) 0.24 (0.05-1.29) 0.41 (0.09-1.94) .
Retired 0.44 (0.06-3.20) 0.14 (0.02-1.14) 0.14 (0.02-1.15) .
Other 1.17 (0.47-2.92) 0.49 (0.14-1.75) 0.68 (0.22-2.07) 0.15
Race
White 1.00 1.00 1.00 .
Black 1.05 (0.20-5.54) 13.38 (0.90-199.26) 14.97 (0.71-318.08) .
Colored 1.08 (0.23-5.06) 11.38 (0.75-172.24) 16.86 (0.55-518.03) .
Indian 0.40 (0.03-4.95) 0.77 (0.03-19.87) 2.37 (0.04-155.10) .
Other 4.45 (0.33-60.76) 42.19 (0.83-2138.38) 27.14 (0.72-1024.36) .
PTE classes
War events, physical or sexual violence - - 0.95 (0.20-4.51) 0.33 (0.05-2.29)
Accident - - 1.21 (0.19-7.68) 0.73 (0.07-7.91)
Death - - 1.00 1.00
Network events - - 0.03 (0.00-1.95) 0.13 (0.01-2.04)
Witnessing - - 2.04 (0.38-10.75) 0.09 (0.00-2.12)
Other or private - - 0.10 (0.00-2.38) 3.39 (0.03-430.50)
Count of prior PTEs
Prior war events - - 0.25 (0.03-1.89) 1.12 (0.25-5.06)
Prior physical violence - - 1.53 (0.96-2.45) 2.43 (0.98-6.06)
Prior sexual violence - - 2.38 (1.21-4.69) 2.97 (0.98-8.99)
Prior accidents - - 1.32 (0.99-1.76) 0.87 (0.33-2.33)
Prior deaths - - 0.57 (0.23-1.42) 1.08 (0.55-2.11)
Prior network events - - 0.12 (0.01-2.08) 0.05 (0.01-0.28)
Prior witnessing - - 1.09 (0.88-1.35) 3.38 (1.38-8.27)
Prior other events - - 0.40 (0.03-5.69) 89.72 (0.91-8832.05)
  1. *Statistically significant (p < 0.05); OR Odds Ratio.
  2. Low and low-average education was combined in the model predicting 12-month PTSD among respondents with LT PTSD; Homemaker, retired and other employment categories were combined in the model predicting 12-month PTSD among respondents with LT PTSD.