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Table 11 PANSS items and AUC for harm to others and harm to self

From: Susceptibility (risk and protective) factors for in-patient violence and self-harm: prospective study of structured professional judgement instruments START and SAPROF, DUNDRUM-3 and DUNDRUM-4 in forensic mental health services

  Harm to others n = 13/100 Harm to self n = 7/100
  AUC 95% CI of AUC p OR 95% CI of OR p AUC 95% CI of AUC p OR 95% CI of OR P
   lower upper    lower upper    lower upper    lower upper  
P1 delusions .586 .398 .774 .318 1.201 0.901 1.601 0.211 .690 .443 .938 .094 1.475 0.992 2.194 0.055
P2 conceptual disorganisation .746 .592 .899 .004 1.918 1.282 2.870 0.002 .805 .625 .985 .007 2.336 1.318 4.139 0.004
P3 hallucinations .656 .473 .839 .070 1.600 1.144 2.238 0.006 .713 .476 .949 .061 1.774 1.173 2.684 0.007
P4 hyperactivity .780 .612 .949 .001 3.579 1.914 6.694 0.001 .764 .547 .981 .020 2.814 1.369 5.782 0.005
P5 grandiosity .503 .334 .672 .971 1.019 0.618 1.682 0.940 .502 .274 .731 .984 1.036 0.540 1.986 0.916
P6 suspiciousness / persecution .665 .516 .814 .055 1.504 0.981 2.306 0.061 .582 .358 .807 .470 1.243 0.715 2.159 0.441
P7 hostility .755 .618 .891 .003 2.232 1.313 3.795 0.003 .709 .541 .877 .066 1.767 0.919 3.399 0.088
N1 blunted affect .525 .346 .703 .774 1.075 0.725 1.592 0.720 .573 .334 .812 .521 1.152 0.690 1.924 0.588
N2 emotional withdrawal .590 .415 .764 .298 1.240 0.816 1.885 0.313 .631 .394 .869 .248 1.380 0.792 2.402 0.255
N3 poor rapport .714 .574 .853 .013 1.713 1.111 2.642 0.015 .647 .440 .854 .197 1.372 0.807 2.331 0.243
N4 passive / apathetic, social withdrawal .534 .376 .693 .689 1.076 0.735 1.575 0.707 .487 .307 .667 .909 0.911 0.532 1.560 0.735
N5 difficulty in abstract thinking .567 .385 .750 .436 1.171 0.821 1.671 0.383 .637 .434 .840 .229 1.330 0.825 2.144 0.242
N6 lack of spontaneity and flow of conversation .631 .472 .791 .128 1.371 0.923 2.035 0.118 .666 .477 .854 .145 1.434 0.856 2.403 0.171
N7 stereotyped thinking .614 .428 .800 .186 1.606 1.001 2.575 0.050 .651 .475 .826 .186 1.421 0.980 2.588 0.251
G1 somatic concern .482 .321 .643 .838 0.765 0.398 1.470 0.422 .536 .301 .771 .751 1.184 0.702 1.999 0.526
G2 anxiety .551 .383 .718 .556 1.106 0.645 1.896 0.714 .679 .466 .892 .116 1.511 0.840 2.716 0.168
G3 guilt feelings .419 .263 .575 .348 0.713 0.387 1.312 0.277 .505 .303 .706 .968 0.933 0.473 1.842 0.842
G4 tension .698 .519 .876 .022 2.085 1.212 3.589 0.008 .764 .541 .988 .020 2.364 1.222 4.571 0.011
G5 mannerisms and posturing .544 .372 .716 .608 0.965 0.534 1.742 0.905 .577 .341 .813 .499 1.187 0.676 2.082 0.551
G6 depression .623 .447 .799 .154 1.640 0.932 2.868 0.086 .574 .354 .793 .517 1.175 0.522 2.642 0.697
G7 motor retardation .501 .330 .673 .988 1.016 0.535 1.930 0.960 .532 .300 .764 .777 1.155 0.537 2.488 0.712
G8 uncooperativeness .695 .536 .853 .024 1.654 1.075 2.544 0.022 .660 .466 .853 .160 1.422 0.824 2.456 0.206
G9 unusual thought content .659 .485 .832 .066 1.427 1.011 2.015 0.043 .710 .470 .951 .064 1.648 1.039 2.614 0.034
G10 disorientation .477 .314 .640 .790      .478 .264 .693 .850     
G11 poor attention .782 .646 .917 .001 2.291 1.402 3.741 0.001 .832 .740 .924 .004 2.441 1.270 4.692 0.007
G12 lack of judgement and insight .627 .470 .784 .141 1.291 0.913 1.826 0.149 .682 .501 .863 .109 1.484 0.916 2.406 0.109
G13 disturbance of volition .626 .445 .806 .146 1.595 1.020 2.496 0.041 .801 .590 1.000 .008 2.320 1.354 3.978 0.002
G14 poor impulse control .745 .578 .912 .005 2.377 1.409 4.012 0.001 .727 .514 .939 .046 2.066 1.093 3.905 0.026
G15 preoccupation .650 .480 .820 .082 1.532 0.991 2.366 0.055 .785 .608 .962 .012 2.212 1.256 3.893 0.006
G16 active social withdrawal .604 .435 .773 .228 1.397 0.890 2.194 0.146 .620 .429 .810 .292 1.278 0.708 2.308 0.416
S1 anger 0.786 0.619 0.954 0.001 2.613 1.515 4.508 0.001 0.835 0.659 1.000 0.003 3.258 1.501 7.072 0.003
S2 difficulty in delaying gratification 0.781 0.624 0.939 0.002 2.190 1.416 3.387 0.001 0.717 0.516 0.918 0.057 1.568 0.985 2.496 0.058
S3 affective lability 0.695 0.511 0.879 0.029 2.239 1.369 3.663 0.001 0.726 0.496 0.956 0.047 2.101 1.201 3.675 0.009