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Table 2 Scale scores at baseline and subsequent violence and self harm

From: Susceptibility (risk and protective) factors for in-patient violence and self-harm: prospective study of structured professional judgement instruments START and SAPROF, DUNDRUM-3 and DUNDRUM-4 in forensic mental health services

  Harm to others Harm to self
  AUC 95% CI of AUC P OR 95% CI of OR p AUC 95% CI of AUC p OR 95% CI of OR p
   lower upper    lower upper    lower upper    lower upper  
SAPROF* 0.847 0.721 0.974 0.001 0.775 0.676 0.888 0.001 0.766 0.600 0.931 0.019 0.848 0.738 0.973 0.019
START-S* 0.776 0.653 0.900 0.001 0.903 0.845 0.964 0.002 0.644 0.454 0.833 0.207 0.957 0.891 1.028 0.227
START-V 0.823 0.707 0.940 0.001 1.139 1.057 1.226 0.001 0.654 0.456 0.853 0.175 1.052 0.978 1.131 0.176
HCR-H 0.836 0.747 0.924 0.001 1.226 1.033 1.454 0.020 0.822 0.683 0.960 0.001 1.178 0.998 1.391 0.053
HCR-C 0.794 0.693 0.951 0.001 1.530 1.186 1.974 0.001 0.814 0.617 1.0 0.001 1.603 1.116 2.303 0.011
HCR-R 0.809 0.693 0.924 0.001 1.712 1.265 2.317 0.001 0.790 0.658 0.921 0.001 1.502 1.077 2.094 0.016
HCR-dynamic 0.802 0.656 0.948 0.001 1.309 1.128 1.519 0.001 0.803 0.625 0.980 0.001 1.279 1.067 1.533 0.008
HCR-20 total 0.872 0.783 0.961 0.001 1.236 1.102 1.386 0.001 0.881 0.789 0.973 0.001 1.201 1.058 1.363 0.005
S-RAMM-B 0.766 0.636 0.895 0.002 1.488 1.154 1.918 0.002 0.655 0.459 0.852 0.172 1.248 0.939 1.659 0.126
S-RAMM-C 0.741 0.610 0.872 0.005 1.403 1.105 1.782 0.005 0.813 0.670 0.957 0.006 1.619 1.163 2.253 0.004
S-RAMM-F 0.669 0.526 0.812 0.05 1.108 0.951 1.290 0.190 0.619 0.451 0.787 0.295 1.075 0.894 1.293 0.444
S-RAMM dynamic 0.729 0.593 0.866 0.008 1.136 1.012 1.295 0.031 0.760 0.600 0.921 0.022 1.141 0.998 1.308 0.054
S-RAMM total 0.838 0.756 0.919 0.001 1.196 1.059 1.350 0.004 0.818 0.727 0.909 0.005 1.145 1.014 1.293 0.029
GAF* 0.813 0.651 0.974 0.001 0.909 0.860 0.960 0.001 0.855 0.649 1.0 0.002 0.908 0.850 0.970 0.004
PANSS positive 0.752 0.607 0.898 0.003 1.146 1.050 1.252 0.002 0.764 0.535 0.993 0.02 1.161 1.038 1.299 0.009
PANSS negative 0.639 0.488 0.791 0.106 1.060 0.985 1.141 0.119 0.656 0.472 0.840 0.170 1.057 0.961 1.163 0.256
PANSS general 0.725 0.574 0.877 0.009 1.073 1.016 1.134 0.012 0.823 0.673 0.972 0.005 1.101 1.027 1.180 0.007
PANSS total 0.711 0.577 0.866 0.014 1.035 1.009 1.062 0.009 0.770 0.569 0.971 0.017 1.042 1.008 1.078 0.015
PANSS SAR 0.832 0.730 0.934 0.001 1.509 1.217 1.872 0.001 0.846 0.728 0.965 0.002 1.408 1.118 1.772 0.004
DUNDRUM-1 therapeutic security 0.743 0.603 0.883 0.007 1.238 1.060 1.447 0.007 0.712 0.495 0.929 0.063 1.226 1.012 1.486 0.038
DUNDRUM-3 programme completion 0.832 0.727 0.937 0.001 1.294 1.097 1.525 0.002 0.750 0.596 0.904 0.028 1.184 1.003 1.396 0.046
DUNDRUM-4 recovery 0.728 0.605 0.853 0.011 1.226 1.029 1.461 0.023 0.713 0.557 0.905 0.043 1.227 0.977 1.540 0.079
  1. Area under the curve (AUC) from receiver operating characteristics and unadjusted odds ratios (OR) for 100 in-patients. Six month prospective study, 13 incidents of violence to others, 7 incidents of self harm. Variables marked * (SAPROF, START-S, GAF) have AUC calculated such that smaller test scores indicate higher risk of the adverse events. Unadjusted odds ratios (OR) are given with Wald p values.