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Table 6 Number (%) of subjects receiving at least one treatment following CANMAT guidelines by type and dosage of medication, by clinical and sociodemographic factors

From: Pharmacotherapy for bipolar disorder and concordance with treatment guidelines: survey of a general population sample referred to a tertiary care service

Variable At least one treatment concordant with guidelines N (%) N Degree of freedom Χ2 P
Sex      
  Man 26 (66.7%) 39 1 0.06 0.81
  Woman 51 (68.9%) 74    
Previous hospitalizations      
  Yes 41 (77.4%) 53 1 3.91 0.05
  No 36 (60.0%) 60    
Type of bipolar disorder      
  Type I 24 (75.0%) 32 1 0.97 0.32
  Type II 53 (65.4%) 81    
Nature of the current mood episode      
  Hypomanic 8 (32.0%) 25    
  Depressive 58 (89.2%) 65 2 32.7 0.001
  Euthymic 11 (47.8%) 23    
Comorbid anxiety disorder (current)      
  Present 19 (67.9%) 28 1 0.001 0.97
  Absent 58 (68.2%) 85    
Comorbid substance use disorder (current)      
  Present 15 (53.6%) 28 1 3.64 0.06
  Absent 62 (72.9%) 85    
Variable Mean (SD) N   t-test P
Age (mean ± SD)      
Treatment – concordant 39.8 ± 11.3 77 1 1.58 0.18
Treatment – not concordant 36.3 ± 10.7 36    
Age at onset (mean ± SD)      
Treatment – concordant 22.4 ± 8.0 77 1 1.72 0.09
Treatment – not concordant 25.5 ± 9.0 36