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Table 3 Oblique rotation of 5 components with final 20 items and item reliability

From: Exploration of experiences in therapeutic groups for patients with severe mental illness: development of the Ferrara group experiences scale (FE- GES)

   Component 1: cognitive improvement Component 2: group learning Component 3: relationships Component 4: difficulties in open expression Component 5: sharing of emotions and experiences
Item Area Pattern Structure Pattern Structure Pattern Structure Pattern Structure Pattern Structure
36. I listened to others carefully in the group CI .898 .905 .053 .254 .017 .163 -.021 .223 -.038 .028
30. I paid attention to what others said in the group CI .872 .859 -.161 .067 .071 .175 .042 .266 .015 .053
35. I expressed my thoughts clearly in the group CI .505 .547 .288 .374 -.313 -.096 .040 .186 .253 .278
33. I could remember what was said in the group CI .462 .527 .267 .384 -.145 .054 .049 .203 .224 .278
29. In the group, I realised how much my behavioural problems have improved GL -.205 -.011 .727 .717 .056 .244 .052 .099 .076 .225
19. I understood the reasons for my behaviour in the group EE .016 .190 .665 .712 .095 .295 .003 .107 .086 .239
21. In the group, I understood better how I usually deal with my problems GL .093 .257 .605 .679 .155 .344 -.010 .114 .057 .214
23. I learned how to manage good ineractinos with others in the group GL .235 .352 .578 .571 .127 .220 -.032 .074 -.463 -.310
9. I met new and positive people in the group R -.034 .091 .045 .246 .759 .769 -.027 .084 .036 .198
8. I built relationships of trust with others in the group R .065 .220 .124 .348 .696 .763 .044 .185 .078 .256
5. I was helped by others in the group. R -.087 .027 .109 .298 .557 .632 -.070 .033 .334 .460
6. I socialised with others in the group R .306 .465 .048 .268 .520 .597 .272 .424 -.119 .042
*18. I hid my feelings in the group EE .011 .217 -.199 -.059 .104 .187 .877 .875 .028 .094
*38. I found it difficult to express my thoughts clearly in the group CI .005 .258 .098 .195 .010 .156 .871 .881 -.047 .057
*16. I was afraid to express my opinion in the group EE .083 .294 -.057 .061 -.025 .103 .853 .867 .025 .094
*13. It was hard for me to talk about my problems in the group EE -.123 .122 .186 .225 -.101 .048 .824 .798 -.012 .075
2. I met people in the group who were experiencing the same problems as me R -.042 -.011 -.013 .126 .061 .189 -.065 -.002 .705 .706
1. Within the group I shared my personal experiences and life problems. R .193 .319 .124 .330 .077 .293 .186 .320 .599 .669
17. I talked with others about my suffering in the group EE .067 .144 .066 .253 .220 .365 -.028 .084 .579 .639
12. I was able to recognise my feelings in the group EE .057 .226 .477 .615 .136 .367 .050 .180 .409 .541
Eigenvalue 5.27   2.69   1.79   1.28   1.15  
Proportion of explained common variance (%) 26.3   13.4   8.9   6.4   5.8  
Reliability estimate+ .902   .830   .813   .928   .793  
Cronbach’s alpha .742   .702   .753   .845   .725  
Cronbach’s alpha- standardised items .743   .702   .759   .845   .730  
  1. Absolute values greater than 0.4 shown in bold; High structure loading shown in grey.
  2. EE- Emotional Expression; R- Relationships; GL- Group Learning; CI- Cognitive Improvement; H- Overall perceived helpfulness; * - Inversely scored item; + (Mislevy & Bock, 1990).