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Table 3 Aggressive behavior observed during the hospital stay

From: Gender differences in coerced patients with schizophrenia

  Female Male p
N = 231 (%) N = 291 (%)
Verbal aggression Total 169 (73.2) 192 (67.1) Χ 2  = 2.203, df = 1, p = .138
Severe¥ 18 (7.8) 60 (21.0) Χ 2  = 17.346, df = 1, p < .001
Average score 1.57 ± 0.69 1.88 ± 1.00 p = .015 #
Aggression against property Total 79 (34.2) 72 (25.5) Χ 2  = 4.593, df = 1, p = .032
Severe¥ 7 (3.0) 26 (9.2) Χ 2  = 8.082, df = 1, p = .004
Average score 1.5 ± 0.77 2.0 ± 0.96 p < .001 #
Auto-aggression Total 25 (10.8) 34 (11.8) Χ 2  = .123, df = 1, p = .726
Severe¥ 5 (2.2) 12 (4.2) Χ 2  = 1.622, df = 1, p = .203
Average score 1.76 ± 0.97 2.32 ± 1.01 p = .023 #
Physical aggression Total 95 (41.3) 115 (39.8) Χ 2  = .122, df = 1, p = .727
Severe¥ 10 (4.4) 21 (7.3) Χ 2  = 1.943, df = 1, p = .163
Average score 1.47 ± 0.74 1.66 ± 0.84 p = .09 #
MOAS total score 1–7 (mean±SD) 116 (50.2) 117 (40.2) p = .58 #
3.18 ± 1.92 3.13 ± 2.17
MOAS total score 8 or higher (mean±SD) 67 (29.0) 12.34 ± 4.97 83 (28.5) 14.47 ± 5.61 p = .01 #
MOAS total score (mean±SD) 5.20 ± 5.61 5.62 ± 6.80 p = .462 #
  1. ¥scores 3 or 4 on respective MOAS items.
  2. #Mann–Whitney test.