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Table 4 Coercive measures used in involuntary treated psychotic patients and the reasons for their use

From: Gender differences in coerced patients with schizophrenia

  Female Male p
N = 231 (%) N = 291 (%)
Type of coercive measure used Forced medication 203 (87.9) 218 (74.9) Χ 2  = 13.871, df = 1, p < .001
Physical restraint 105 (45.5) 193 (66.3) Χ 2  = 22.892, df = 1, p < .001
Seclusion 6 (2.6) 50 (17.2) Χ 2  = 28.602, df = 1, p < .001
Total number of coercive measures applied N = 373 N = 573 Χ 2  = 0.07, df = 1, p = .78
Reasons for the use of coercive measures (chosen) Prevent acts of violence against her/himself 74 (19.8) 95 (16.6) Χ 2  = 1.636, df = 1, p = .224
Severe danger or threat for his or her health 117 (31.4) 159 (27.8) Χ 2  = 1.432, df = 1, p = .242
Inability to care for him-/herself 34 (9.1) 62 (10.8) Χ 2  = .720, df = 1, p = .441
Prevent acts of violence against others 209 (56.0) 338 (59.0) Χ 2  = .809, df = 1, p = .382
Prevent acts of violence against property 88 (23.6) 106 (18.5) Χ 2  = 3.595, df = 1, p = .059
Prevent escape 49 (13.1) 88 (15.4) Χ 2  = .900, df = 1, p = .347