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Table 3 Post-treatment ITT outcome data comparing R&R2MHP and TAU conditions

From: A non-randomised controlled trial of the R&R2MHP cognitive skills program in high risk male offenders with severe mental illness

  Baseline (Time 1) Post-treatment (Time 2) ITT Time 2 outcome
  R&R2MHP (N = 30) TAU (N = 29) R&R2MHP (N = 30) TAU (N = 29) F-value
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) (Cohen’s d)
MVQ Total 15.83 (12.02) 18.13 (13.45) 14.60 (11.22) 21.34 (14.67) 6.26 (.52)*
  Machismo scale 8.60 (9.75) 10.79 (11.03) 8.00 (9.21) 12.86 (12.05) 4.33 (.45)*
  Acceptance scale 7.23 (3.48) 7.34 (3.88) 6.60 (3.12) 8.48 (3.97) 7.62 (.53)**
NAS-PI total 77.27 (16.78) 79.24 (15.74) 80.00 (16.02) 81.00 (18.45) 0.01
  Cognitive domain 27.90 (6.39) 28.07 (5.32) 28.33 (5.27) 28.59 (5.80) 0.02
  Arousal domain 24.60 (6.03) 25.52 (6.12) 26.47 (7.07) 26.28 (6.63) 0.38
  Behavior domain 24.77 (5.91) 25.66 (6.19) 25.20 (5.91) 26.14 (7.30) 0.06
WAYS total 46.90 (22.43) 42.83 (24.86) 61.50 (23.31) 33.41 (24.04) 35.56 (1.19)***
  Confrontive coping 5.90 (3.22) 5.69 (3.26) 7.97 (3.77) 4.83 (3.26) 15.15 (0.89)***
  Distancing coping 7.07 (3.59) 6.21 (3.60) 8.93 (4.22) 4.45 (3.58) 20.42 (1.14)***
  Self-controlling coping 5.13 (2.53) 3.83 (2.56) 6.33 (2.89) 3.24 (2.84) 13.20 (1.08)***
  Seeking social support coping 8.97 (7.92) 8.00 (5.70) 11.57 (7.10) 6.31 (4.80) 18.74 (0.87)***
  Accepting responsibility coping 3.37 (2.34) 2.31 (2.59) 3.90 (2.50) 1.59 (2.38) 10.40 (0.95)**
  Escape-avoidance coping 4.27 (3.23) 4.38 (3.91) 6.50 (3.03) 4.93 (3.57) 9.73 (0.47)**
  Planful problem-solving coping 6.50 (3.62) 7.69 (6.99) 8.67 (3.35) 4.59 (4.20) 24.05 (1.07)***
  Positive reappraisal coping 5.70 (4.11) 4.72 (4.38) 7.63 (4.63) 3.45 (4.35) 15.98 (0.93)***
SPSI-RS total 12.39 (3.36) 11.57 (2.49) 12.95 (3.32) 11.01 (3.84) 3.07
  Positive problem orientation 11.20 (5.09) 9.41 (5.07) 12.13 (5.28) 7.86 (5.34) 10.73 (0.80)**
  Negative problem orientation 6.43 (4.98) 6.41 (4.38) 6.00 (3.92) 5.59 (4.35) 0.22
  Rational problem solving 10.50 (4.82) 8.14 (4.99) 10.80 (5.62) 6.17 (5.31) 6.72 (0.85)*
  Impulsivity/carelessness 7.13 (4.88) 7.34 (5.13) 6.70 (4.34) 5.72 (5.21) 1.20
  Avoidance style 6.17 (4.32) 5.90 (4.19) 5.57 (3.86) 4.00 (3.35) 4.20 (0.43)*
DBSP total 35.69 (16.12) 39.00 (12.51) 31.31 (12.96) 41.41 (13.34) 11.86 (0.77)**
  Disruptive behavior 16.88 (10.43) 18.44 (10.04) 13.81 (8.11) 18.15 (9.76) 5.20 (0.48)*
  Social and psychological 18.81 (7.77) 20.56 (6.89) 17.50 (7.93) 23.37 (6.93) 8.82 (0.79)**
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001.