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Table 1 Characteristics of studies included in the systematic review

From: Mental health screening tools in correctional institutions: a systematic review

Characteristics n(%)a Study references
Country of Study
US 13 (54%) [20, 29, 30, 32, 33, 3640, 42, 43],[45, 46]
UK 3 (13%) [11, 26, 48]
Canada 4 (17%) [19, 27, 28, 31, 41]
Australia/New Zealand 3 (13%) [17, 47, 49]
Denmark 1 (4%) [44]
Study setting
Jail 18 (75%) [11, 17, 19, 20, 2628, 3032, 3740, 4345]
Prison 4 (17%) [29, 30, 33, 36, 46]
Health care/psychiatric unit 2 (8%) [36, 37]
Women’s institution/unit 6 (25%) [26, 38, 41, 43, 45, 47]
  1. Notes. aSome percentages add up to more than 100 due to studies that were conducted in multiple settings. Studies with overlapping samples (i.e. [28] and [27], and [29] and [33]) are only counted once.