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Table 1 Participant characteristics and the distributions of model variables in categorical items

From: Functional social support, psychological capital, and depressive and anxiety symptoms among people living with HIV/AIDS employed full-time

  N FSS PC Self-efficacy Hope Resilience Optimism Depressive symptoms Anxiety symptoms
Characteristics (%) Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean
   (SD) (SD) (SD) (SD) (SD) (SD) (SD) (SD)
Gender          
 Men 298 (93.1) 3.11 (0.95) 4.27 (0.80) 4.20 (0.94) 4.17 (0.95) 4.31 (0.89) 4.42 (0.88) 20.41 (11.08) 47.33 (11.20)
 Women 22 (6.9) 2.95 (0.98) 4.26 (0.91) 4.18 (1.13) 4.24 (1.08) 4.25 (0.92) 4.35 (0.84) 26.69* (9.24) 53.41* (12.86)
Marital status          
 Single/widowed/divorced 220 (68.8) 3.03 (0.94) 4.29 (0.78) 4.22 (0.87) 4.17 (0.93) 4.30 (0.88) 4.45 (0.85) 20.46 (11.22) 47.61 (11.75)
 Married/cohabitation 100 (31.3) 3.23 (0.96) 4.24 (0.89) 4.12 (1.12) 4.19 (1.01) 4.31 (0.93) 4.33 (0.93) 21.70 (10.72) 48.04 (10.64)
Education          
 High school or lower 196 (61.3) 3.02 (0.98) 4.19 (0.87) 4.10 (1.06) 4.09 (1.00) 4.23 (0.95) 4.34 (0.95) 21.50 (11.46) 48.81* (11.94)
 Junior college or higher 124 (38.8) 3.21 (0.90) 4.40* (0.68) 4.35* (0.74) 4.30 (0.87) 4.42 (0.79) 4.52 (0.74) 19.81 (10.36) 46.06 (10.32)
Occupation          
 Company staff 90 (28.1) 3.28 (0.84) 4.41 (0.71) 4.30 (0.76) 4.31 (0.93) 4.45 (0.85) 4.59 (0.75) 19.59 (11.68) 45.42 (11.67)
 Commercial service personnel 129 (40.3) 3.07 (0.92) 4.25 (0.82) 4.23 (1.01) 4.15 (0.93) 4.30 (0.85) 4.32 (0.94) 20.84 (10.88) 48.62 (11.84)
 Industrial workers 101 (31.6) 2.98 (1.07) 4.17 (0.87) 4.05 (1.03) 4.08 (1.00) 4.19 (0.98) 4.36 (0.90) 21.97 (10.72) 48.70 (10.36)
Monthly income (RMB)          
 ≤ 2000 (yuan) 183 (57.2) 2.97 (0.98) 4.15 (0.81) 4.10 (0.97) 4.03 (0.93) 4.17 (0.90) 4.31 (0.90) 22.10* (11.72) 48.94* (12.22)
 > 2000 (yuan) 137 (42.8) 3.26** (0.89) 4.43** (0.78) 4.23* (0.92) 4.37** (0.95) 4.48** (0.86) 4.54* (0.83) 19.17 (9.93) 46.15 (10.02)
Route of HIV infection          
 Sexual 290 (90.6) 3.10 (0.95) 4.29 (0.82) 4.20 (0.95) 4.20 (0.96) 4.32 (0.91) 4.43 (0.83) 20.60 (11.01) 47.37 (11.37)
 Non-sexual 30 (9.4) 3.02 (1.01) 4.10 (0.67) 4.10 (0.99) 3.96 (0.83) 4.16 (0.69) 4.18 (0.62) 23.27 (11.51) 51.40 (11.25)
CD4 cell count (cells/μL)          
 Minimum (< 200) 31 (9.7) 3.12 (0.98) 4.33 (0.86) 4.11 (0.95) 4.34 (1.01) 4.32 (1.06) 4.55 (0.75) 19.68 (12.86) 47.65 (12.18)
 Low (200 to 349) 72 (22.5) 3.03 (0.91) 4.09 (0.85) 4.11 (0.93) 3.95 (0.93) 4.11 (0.97) 4.21 (0.97) 22.21 (11.95) 48.46 (12.05)
 Moderate (350 to 499) 79 (24.7) 3.04 (1.01) 4.31 (0.82) 4.17 (1.03) 4.23 (1.00) 4.36 (0.84) 4.47 (0.82) 21.78 (10.98) 49.42 (11.15)
 High (≥ 500) 138 (43.1) 3.16 (0.94) 4.33 (0.77) 4.27 (0.93) 4.22 (0.92) 4.37 (0.84) 4.45 (0.88) 19.86 (10.17) 46.44 (10.98)
cART treatment          
 Treated 101 (31.6) 3.14 (0.97) 4.08 (0.92) 3.98 (0.99) 4.06 (1.00) 4.12 (1.03) 4.16 (0.99) 22.56 (11.32) 48.81 (10.94)
 Untreated 219 (68.4) 3.08 (0.94) 4.36** (0.74) 4.29** (0.92) 4.23 (0.93) 4.39* (0.81) 4.53** (0.80) 20.06 (10.88) 47.26 (11.60)
  1. FSS, functional social support; PC, psychological capital.
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01.