Skip to main content

Table 3 Psychiatric symptoms and primary substance abuse in the two groups in compulsory care due to substance abuse: ADHD/SUD group and the general SUD group without known ADHD

From: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorders with co-existing substance use disorder is characterized by early antisocial behaviour and poor cognitive skills

  ADHD/SUD General SUD    
n = 60 n = 120 χ2 p Φ
Self-reported hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms    
Hallucinations and other symptoms of psychosis 35 (58.4%) 77 (64.1%) .04 .84 .02
No hallucinations or other symptoms of psychosis 20 (33.3%) 41 (34.2%)
Missing 5 (8.3%) 2 (1.7%)
Self-reported symptoms of depression and anxiety    
Symptoms of depression/anxiety 51 (85.0%) 101 (84.2%) .69 .41 .06
No symptoms of depression/anxiety 6 (10.0%) 18 (15.0%)
Missing data 3 (5.0%) 1 (0.8%)
Preferred abused substance     
Heroin 12 (20.0%) 25 (20.8%) 18.3 .049 .32
Amphetamine 29 (48.3%) 36 (30.0%)
Cocaine 3 (5.0%) 1 (0.8%)
Alcohol 4 (6.7%) 26 (21.7%)
Hashish/marijuana 7 (11.7%) 11 (9.2%)
GHB 3 (5.0%) 3 (2.5%)
Benzodiazepines 2 (3.3%) 9 (7.5%)
Opiates other than heroin, including analgesics 0 3 (2.5%)
Solvents 0 3 (2.5%)
Other drugs 0 2 (1.7%)
Missing data 0 1 (0.8%)
Abuse according to drug screening (not alcohol)    
Benzodiazepines 35 (58.3%) N/A    
Hashish/marijuana 29 (48.3%) N/A    
Amphetamine 33 (55.0%) N/A    
Opiates/Substitution drugs 17 (28.3%) N/A N/A N/A N/A
LSD/GHB/Ecstasy 6 (10.0%) N/A    
Missing data due to detoxification before admission 10 (16.7%) N/A    
Mean of drugs in positive screening test results (excluding alcohol) 2.72 N/A    
  1. Note: N/A not assessed in general SUD group.
  2. Note: P-values printed in bold indicate a statistically significant difference.