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Table 2 Summary of the distribution of lifetime substance use and most frequently used substances

From: Substance use among inmates at the Eldoret prison in Western Kenya

  Lifetime substance use Alcohol use Cigarette use Tobacco chewing Cannabis use
Variables (N) Prevalence
(%)
X2 P value Prevalence (%) X2 P value Prevalence ( %) X2 P value Prevalence (%) X2 P value Prevalence (%) X2 P value
Gender                
 Male (271) 72.3 15.038 <0.001* 70.8 12.711 <0.001* 37.6 9.735 0.002* 25.5 4.245 0.039* 23.6 3.526 0.060
 Female (124) 52.4    52.4    21.8    16.1    15.3   
Residence                
 Rural area (183) 54.1 21.822 <0.001* 54.1 18.035 <0.001* 20.8 21.93 <0.001* 14.2 13.535 <0.001* 12.0 16.606 <0.001*
 Urban (212) 76.4    74.5    42.9    29.7    28.8   
Marital status                
 Married (234) 63.7 1.476 0.224 62.4 1.801 0.180 25.6 12.854 <0.001* 16.2 13.022 <0.001* 15.8 9.356 0.002*
 Unmarried (161) 69.6    68.9    42.9    31.7    28.6   
Employed                
 Yes (211) 70.1 3.341 0.068 69.2 3.401 0.065 29.9 1.615 0.204 19.0 3.315 0.069 18.5 1.746 0.186
 No (184) 61.4    60.3    35.9    26.6    23.9   
Student                
 Yes (42) 73.8 1.254 0.263 73.8 1.582 0.209 52.4 8.312 0.004* 33.3 3.142 0.076 47.6 20.045 <0.001*
 No (353) 65.2    64.0    30.3    21.2    17.8   
Income                
 Yes (289) 66.1 0.000 0.992 65.4 0.053 0.818 29.8 4.119 0.042* 17.6 14.721 <0.001* 17.6 7.35 0.007*
 No (106) 66.0    64.2    40.6    35.8    30.2   
  1. *Statistically significant (p< 0.05).