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Table 4 Regression for incidence rates (with overdispersion and offset term) of various types of episodes with significant influence of total CTQ score, in a sample of bipolar patients

From: Patterns of childhood adverse events are associated with clinical characteristics of bipolar disorder

Outcome Covariate Estimate (st.error) Estimated df** p-value
Depressive episodes Intercept −1.43 (0.29)   <0.001
Gender, male 0 (Ref)   
female 0.36 (0.16)   0.027
s(age)*   3.8 <0.001
s(CTQ total)*   2.9 0.054
Hypo/manic episodes Intercept −1.61 (0.31)   <0.001
Gender, male 0 (Ref)   
female 0.43 (0.18)   0.017
s(age)*   8.63 <0.001
s(CTQ total)*   7.4 0.085
Psychotic episodes Intercept −2.13 (0.15)   <0.001
s(age)*   1.33 <0.001
s(CTQ total)*   8.73 0.038
Self – harm (N=123 Intercept −7.15 (1.43)   <0.001
Gender, male 0 (Ref)   <0.001
female 2.82 (0.72)   <0.001
s(age)*   3.8 <0.001
s(CTQ total)*   6.19 0.011
Hospitalizations age −0.04 (0.004)   <0.001
CTQ total −0.019 (0.008)   0.01
  1. *: s(.) = smoothed(.).
  2. **: Estimated df corresponds to amount of smoothing (approximate p-value).