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Table 3 Adjusted associations between predisposing, enabling and health need variables and perceived need for treatment among young substance-using women in Cape Town, South Africa; stratified by methamphetamine use

From: Perceived need for substance use treatment among young women from disadvantaged communities in Cape Town, South Africa

  Methamphetamine positive Methamphetamine negative
  N = 445 N = 274
Covariates AORa 95% CIb p AOR 95% CI p
Predisposing variables       
Age 1.00 0.96-1.05 0.873 0.93 0.87-1.01 0.058
Ethnicity (Black African) 1.48 0.89-2.46 0.131 1.96 0.90-4.29 0.091
Education (Not completed high school) 0.87 0.46-1.67 0.681 0.98 0.41-2.31 0.959
Enabling variables       
Relationship status (Reference married)      
Boyfriend 1.32 0.84-2.07 0.224 0.48 0.19-1.20 0.116
Single 1.36 0.57-3.26 0.486 0.30 0.03-2.67 0.282
Income in the last 30 days 0.98 0.94-1.02 0.378 0.95 0.79-0.96 0.039
Family with drug problems (No) 0.66 0.43-1.01 0.056 0.79 0.45-1.39 0.407
Prior treatment (No) 0.72 0.37-1.34 0.328 1.97 0.34-11.27 0.448
Awareness of treatment (Yes) 0.98 0.65-1.48 0.924 1.84 1.03-3.27 0.039
Health need variables       
CES-D 1.28 0.92-1.15 0.626 1.14 0.99-1.33 0.079
TCU anxiety 1.08 0.86-1.34 0.517 1.41 1.06-1.87 0.020
Physical health (poor) 1.07 0.62-1.85 0.812 6.29 1.56-25.64 0.010
  1. aAOR = adjusted odds ratio. All predisposing, enabling and health need variables were entered into the multiple logistic regression models.
  2. b95% CI = 95% confidence intervals.