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Table 3 Percentage of women and men with Exhaustion Disorder (ED) reporting on the PRIME-MD* symptoms checklist at the first visit to the stress clinic that they have frequently experienced the respective symptom during the past month

From: Prevalence and course of somatic symptoms in patients with stress-related exhaustion: does sex or age matter

Symptom Total group Women Men p-value1
(N = 228) % (n = 156) (n = 72)
(n) % (n) % (n)
Nausea, gas or indigestion 67 (153) 69 (108) 63 (45) 0.315
Headaches 65 (149) 64 (99) 69 (50) 0.378
Dizziness 57 (129) l60 (94) 49 (35) 0.099
Constipation, loose bowels, or diarrhoea 54 (123) 54 (84) 54 (39) 0.964
Feeling heart pound or race 54 (122) 57 (89) 46 (33) 0.114
Back pain 51 (116) 49 (76) 56 (40) 0.337
Chest pain 47 (106) 42 (65) 57 (41) 0.032
Pain in arms, legs or joints, knees, hips 49 (111) 52 (81) 42 (30) 0.150
Stomach pain 45 (103) 47 (74) 40 (29) 0.313
Shortness of breath 23 (52) 22 (34) 25 (18) 0.592
Pain or problems during sexual intercourse 14 (31) 10 (16) 21 (15) 0.030
Fainting spells 4 (8) 3 (5) 4 (3) 0.714
  1. *PRIME-MD = Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders.
  2. 1p-value: Pearson’s Chi-Square test was used to compare the prevalence of the single somatic symptoms between women and men. Bold numbers indicate that the difference between the sexes is statistically significant (p < 0.05).